Technology/Operational Strategy Application Research Areas Objectives
Thwart Attack Reduce Vulnerability Reduce Impact

Passive technology to increase power flow on existing rights of way to reduce the potential impact of events Reconfiguring (new bundles, higher voltages, etc.)High-amperage conductors
High-temperature superconducting cables
Composite structures
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Short-circuit current limiters to reduce the possibility of cascading outages

Power electronics based
Superconducting

X
X

X
X

Enhanced control of the existing system to reduce vulnerability and enhance recovery

Reducing the cost of current-generation FACTS devices

Voltage-source converters

Asynchronous rotating machines

Advanced systems control

 

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

Developing software that thwarts cyber attacks

Hardening energy management systems against cyber attacks
Developing secure firewalls for the variety of intelligent devices, relays, and controls at substations that can be controlled remotely

X
X




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