TABLE H.4 Research Area Options for Enabling New Distribution System Architecture


Technology/Operational Strategy Application Research Areas Objectives
Thwart Attack Reduce Vulnerability Reduce Impact

Advanced distribution automation (DA) Advanced DA architecture
Object models for all digital distribution devices
Fault anticipator
Intelligent universal transformer
  X
X
X
X
X

Power electronics technologies to manage demand and improve reliability

Inductive (contactless) charging
Active harmonic filters
Embedded solutions
Voltage restoration devices
Intelligent universal transformer
High-efficiency DC-DC converters
Low-voltage and medium-voltage smart power controllers
DC breaker and controllers
Low-cost motor drive controller in chip

 

X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X




X

X

Distributed energy resources

Integration of distributed energy resources
AC-DC converters

X
X

X

Distributed generation technologies

Photovoltaics
Concentrating solar
Solid oxide fuel cell
PEM fuel cell
Microturbines
Stirling engines
Carbon nanotubes for hydrogen storage
High-pressure electrolyzers
On-board fuel reformers
Combined heat and power for residential applications
Radioisotope photovoltaic generator
Thermoelectric generators
Direct methanol fuel cell
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) power sources
Micro solid-oxide fuel cell

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X





X
X
X
X

Electric energy storage devices

Lead acid battery
Nickel-metal hydride battery
Lithium-ion battery
Vanadium redox flow battery
Zinc-bromine flow battery
Sodium-sulfur battery
Hydrogen storage
Flywheel energy storage
Ultracapacitors
Miniature compressed air energy storage
Metal air battery
Lithium-ion battery
Lithium-sulfur battery
Superconducting magnetic energy storage

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

Communication technologies

Broadband over power line
WiMax wireless high-speed communication
Consumer portal
Standardized object models
Power line carrier/wireless for local communication
Standardized LAN/WAN technology

X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X

Technologies to enhance control

Power electronic breakers
Custom power devices

X
X

X
X




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