Daly, P.A., and J. Morrison. 2001. “Understanding the Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation on Power Delivery Systems.” Pp. A2/1-A213 in Proceedings of the Rural Electric Power Conference. New York: IEEE.
Daley, J.M., and R.L. Siciliano. 2003a. “Application of Emergency and Standby Generation for Distributed Generation. I. Concepts and Hypotheses.” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 39(4): 1214–1225.
Daley, J.M., and R.L. Siciliano. 2003b. “Application of Emergency and Standby Generation for Distributed Generation. II. Experimental Evaluations.” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 39(4): 1226–1233.
Davis, W.K., and R.P. Stratford. 1988. “Operation of UPS on Emergency Generation.” Pp. 11–14 in Proceedings of the Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference. Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE.
Dugan, R.C., T.E. McDermott, and G.J. Ball. 2001. “Planning for Distributed Generation.” IEEE Industry Applications Magazine 7(2): 80–88.
EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute). 2005. Distribution Fault Anticipator: Phase II Algorithm Development and Second-Year Data Collection. Final report prepared for the Electric Power Research Institute. Publication 1010662. Palo Alto, Calif.: EPRI. November, 58 pp.
Golshan, M.E.H., and S.A. Arefifar. 2006. “Distributed Generation, Reactive Sources and Network-Configuration Planning for Power and Energy-Loss Reduction.” IEEE Proceedings—Generation, Transmission and Distribution 153(2): 127–136.
Hsu, S.-M., H.J. Holley, W.M. Smith, and D.G. Piatt. 2000. “Voltage Profile Improvement Project at Alabama Power Company: A Case Study.” Pp. 2039–2044 in Proceedings of the 2000 IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, Vol. 4. New York: IEEE.
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers). 1987. IEEE Recommended Practice for Emergency Standby Power Systems for Industrial and Commercial Applications. Std. 446. Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE.
Nedwick, P., A.F. Mistr Jr., and E.B. Croasdale. 1995. “Reactive Management: A Key to Survival in the 1990s.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 10(2): 1036–1043.
NERC (North American Electric Reliability Council). 2006a. Reliability Standards. Available at http://standards.nerc.net/. August 2007.
NERC. 2006b. Operating Manual. Available at http://www.nerc.com/~oc/operatingmanual.html. Accessed August 2007.
Taylor, C.W. 2001. “Power System Stability Controls.” Chapter 11.6 in The Electric Power Engineering Handbook. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press/IEEE Press.
U.S.–Canada Power System Outage Task Force. 2004. Final Report on the August 14, 2003, Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations. Natural Resources Canada and the U.S. Department of Energy. April. Available at http://www2.nrcan.gc.ca/es/erb/erb/english/View.asp?x=690oid=1221.
DOE/FERC (U.S. Department of Energy and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission). 2006. Steps to Establish a Real-time Transmission Monitoring System for Transmission Owners and Operators within the Eastern and Western Interconnection—A Report to Congress Pursuant to Section 1839 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. February.
Yang, B., V. Vittal, and G.T. Heydt. 2006. “Slow-Coherency-Based Controlled Islanding—A Demonstration of the Approach on the August 14, 2003 Blackout Scenario.” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 21(4): 1840–1847.
Zerriffi, H. 2004. Electric Power Systems Under Stress: An Evaluation of Centralized Versus Distributed System Architectures. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa.