TABLE 9.1 Promising Research Technologies for Reducing Vulnerability


Research Areas Technologies Objectives
Thwart Attack Reduce Vulnerability Reduce Impact

Technologies that allow significant increases in power flow

•   Reconfiguring conductors

•   High-amperage conductors

•   High-temperature superconducting cables

•   Composite structures

X
X
X
X
X
X
Equipment that allows greater control of energy flows

•   Flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices

•   Advanced power electronic devices

•   FACTS integrated with storage

•   Voltage-sourced converters

•   Intelligent universal transformers

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Advanced monitoring and communications equipment

•   Integrated communication architecture

•    Wide-area measurement system

•    Dynamic thermal circuit rating technology

•    Video sag monitoring

•    Topology estimators

•    Improved simulation and modeling

•    Monitoring of constraints

•    Database protocols development

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Technologies that enable increased asset utilization

•   Submersible (underwater) fast switches

•   Low-voltage switches and smart fuses for isolation

X X
X
Technologies that are particularly intended to enhance security

•   Probabilistic vulnerability assessment

•    Emergency control and restoration

•    Complex interactive network

•   Smart power delivery system

•   Integrated asset management

•    Integration of distributed energy resources

•   Real-time analysis

•   Solid-state and superconducting fault current limiters

•    Solid-state power electronic circuit breakers

•   Recovery transformers

•   Physical security technologies

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Technologies that enable greater connectivity and control

•   Demand-side management

•   Advanced distribution automation

•   Self-healing control methodology for distribution systems

•   Low-cost sensors

•    Pre-failure indicators

X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Technologies to reduce demand on the power system

•   Efficient lighting

•   Efficient space conditioning (building heating/cooling

•    Efficient domestic water heating

X
X
X
X
X
X
Distributed energy technologies

•   Distributed generation

•    Electric energy storage

X
X
X
X



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