initiated by terrorists, nature, or malfunctions. In fact the report already has helped DHS focus on research aimed at developing a recovery transformer that could be deployed rapidly if many large power transformers were destroyed. Electric utilities and other private sector entities, state and local governments, and others involved with electric power are also likely to find the information in this report very useful. Concurrent with the report’s release to the public, a workshop is being planned to address changes that have occurred since the report’s completion in 2007. It is of vital interest to us all to ensure that the risk of a widespread, long-term blackout is minimized. We hope that the effort reflected in this report will contribute to achieving that goal.


Ralph J. Cicerone Charles M. Vest
President, National Academy of Sciences President, National Academy of Engineering
Chair, National Research Council Vice-Chair, National Research Council

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