Second, the DoE case studies indicate that commercialization make take forms other than generating sales. Creare, one of the most frequent DoE winners, has been highly successful in forming spin-out companies to undertake commercialization of specific products developed with support from SBIR.

Third, data from the NRC Phase II Survey indicates that the largest commercial successes at DoE—generating more than $5 million in revenues—were all created by firms with at least 20 employees, although it is also worth noting that none came from firms with more than 300 employees.



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