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FIGURE 5-2 Probability of tenure for male and female candidates as a function of the percentage of women in the department. The solid line corresponds to female candidates when the percentage of tenure-eligible faculty who are women is 10 percent. The dotted line corresponds to men. The two inner curves correspond to women (upper) and men (lower) when the percentage of tenure-eligible faculty who are women is 50 percent.

FIGURE 5-2 Probability of tenure for male and female candidates as a function of the percentage of women in the department. The solid line corresponds to female candidates when the percentage of tenure-eligible faculty who are women is 10 percent. The dotted line corresponds to men. The two inner curves correspond to women (upper) and men (lower) when the percentage of tenure-eligible faculty who are women is 50 percent.

the usual manner. The class of models known as heterogeneous discrete choice models (e.g., Alvarez and Brehm, 199511) has been proposed for analysis of this type of data.

Promotion

We again fitted a generalized linear model to the binary outcome indicating the promotion decision and accounted for possible correlation between cases in the same department within the same institution by implementing the method of GEE to obtain improved standard errors for all model parameters. Most of the explanatory variables in the promotion decision model were the same as those used earlier in the tenure decision model. Here, however, we considered the percentage of women among tenured associate professors to be the “promotion pool.”

11

Alvarez, R.M. and J. Brehm, 1995, American ambivalence towards abortion policy: development of a heteroskedatic probit model of competing values, American Journal of Political Science, 39, 1055-1089.



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