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Appendix 1-1
Biographical Information on Committee Members

Claude R. Canizares (Co-Chair) is the Vice President for Research and Associate Provost and the Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has overall responsibility for research activity and policy at MIT, overseeing more than a dozen interdisciplinary research laboratories and centers including the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Broad Institute, the Plasma Science and Fusion Center, the Research Laboratory of Electronics, the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology, the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, Haystack Observatory, and the Division of Health Sciences and Technology. He oversees several offices dealing with research policy and administration; he chairs the Research Policy Committee and serves on the Academic Council and the Academic Appointments committee among others. He serves on the National Research Council (NRC) committees on Science Engineering and Public Policy and Science Communication and National Security, and he has served on the Council of the National Academy of Sciences and as chair of the Space Studies Board. He is on the Board of Directors of L-3 Communications, Inc. Professor Canizares is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the International Academy of Astronautics and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Professor Canizares is the Associate Director of the Chandra X-ray Observatory Center and a principal investigator on NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, having led the development of the Chandra High Resolution Transmission Grating Spectrometer. His main research interests are high resolution x-ray spectroscopy and plasma diagnostics of supernova remnants and clusters of galaxies, X-ray studies of dark matter, X-ray properties of quasars and active galactic nuclei, and observational cosmology. He is author or co-author of more than 200 scientific papers. Professor Canizares earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University. He went to MIT as a postdoctoral fellow in the Physics Department in 1971 and joined the faculty in 1974. Professor Canizares has received several awards including decoration for Meritorious Civilian Service to the United States Air Force, two NASA Public Service Medals, and the Goddard Medal of the American Astronautical Society.


Sally E. Shaywitz (Co-Chair) is the Audrey G. Ratner Professor in Learning Development at the Yale University School of Medicine and Co-Director of the Yale Center for Learning, Reading and Attention, and the newly formed Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity. Dr. Shaywitz, an elected member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies, has served as Chair of her Section and on the Membership Committee of the IOM. In recognition of her scientific con-



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Appendix 1-1 Biographical Information on Committee Members Claude R. Canizares (Co-Chair) is the Vice President for Research and Asso- ciate Provost and the Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has overall responsibility for research activity and policy at MIT, overseeing more than a dozen interdisciplinary research labo- ratories and centers including the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Broad Institute, the Plasma Science and Fusion Center, the Research Laboratory of Electronics, the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology, the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, Haystack Observatory, and the Division of Health Sciences and Technology. He oversees several offices dealing with research policy and administration; he chairs the Research Policy Committee and serves on the Academic Council and the Academic Appointments committee among others. He serves on the National Research Council (NRC) committees on Science Engineering and Public Policy and Science Communication and National Security, and he has served on the Council of the National Academy of Sciences and as chair of the Space Studies Board. He is on the Board of Directors of L-3 Communications, Inc. Professor Canizares is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Interna- tional Academy of Astronautics and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Professor Canizares is the Associate Director of the Chandra X-ray Observatory Center and a principal investigator on NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, having led the development of the Chandra High Resolution Transmission Grating Spectrometer. His main research interests are high resolution x-ray spectroscopy and plasma diagnostics of supernova remnants and clusters of galaxies, X-ray studies of dark matter, X-ray properties of quasars and active galactic nuclei, and observational cosmology. He is author or co-author of more than 200 scientific papers. Professor Canizares earned his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University. He went to MIT as a postdoctoral fellow in the Physics Department in 1971 and joined the faculty in 1974. Professor Canizares has received several awards including decoration for Meritorious Civil- ian Service to the United States Air Force, two NASA Public Service Medals, and the Goddard Medal of the American Astronautical Society. Sally E. Shaywitz (Co-Chair) is the Audrey G. Ratner Professor in Learning Development at the Yale University School of Medicine and Co-Director of the Yale Center for Learning, Reading and Attention, and the newly formed Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity. Dr. Shaywitz, an elected member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies, has served as Chair of her Section and on the Membership Committee of the IOM. In recognition of her scientific con- 

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 GENDER DIFFERENCES IN FACULTy CAREERS tributions, she was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science degree from Williams College; the Townsend Harris Medal of the City College of New York; the Annie Glenn Award for Leadership from the Ohio State University; the Achievement Award in Women’s Health of the Society for the Advancement of Women’s Health Research; and the Distinguished Alumnus Award of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. In recognition of her contributions to the National Academy of Sci- ences, Dr. Shaywitz was named a National Associate of the National Academies. Dr. Shaywitz served on the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Neuro- logical Diseases and Stroke (NINDS), on the National Research Council Com- mittee on Women in Science and Engineering, and the Scientific Advisory Board of the March of Dimes; she currently serves on the National Advisory Board of Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic and on the National Board of the Institute for Educational Sciences of the Department of Education. Dr. Shaywitz currently co-chairs the National Research Council Committee on Gender Differences in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty; she most recently presented at the Gordon Research Conference on the Auditory Cortex and served on the Institute of Medicine Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences and the National Reading Panel and the Committee to Prevent Reading Difficulties in Young Children of the National Research Council. Dr. Shaywitz is the author of more than 200 scientific articles, chapters, and books, including Overcoming Dyslexia (Knopf, 2003). Her research provides the basic framework: conceptual model, epidemiology and neurobiology for the scientific study of dyslexia. Dr. Shaywitz originated and championed the “Sea of Strengths” model of dyslexia, which emphasizes a sea of strengths of higher critical thinking and creativity surrounding the encapsulated weakness found in children and adults who are dyslexic. Dr. Shaywitz received her A.B. (with Honors) from the City University and her M.D. from Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Linda Abriola is Dean of Engineering at Tufts University. Prior to that appoint- ment, she was the Horace Williams King Collegiate Professor of Environ- mental Engineering at the University of Michigan. Dr. Abriola received Ph.D. and master’s degrees in civil engineering from Princeton University and a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Drexel University. Her primary research focus is the integration of mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments to investigate and elucidate processes governing the transport, fate, and remediation of nonaqueous phase liquid organic contaminants in the subsurface. Dr. Abriola’s numerous professional activities have included ser- vice on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board, the National Research Council Water Science and Technology Board, and the U.S. Department of Energy’s NABIR (Natural and Accelerated BIoremediation Research) Advisory Committee. An author of more than 130 refereed publica- tions, Dr. Abriola has been the recipient of a number of awards, including the Association for Women Geoscientist’s Outstanding Educator Award (1996), the

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 APPENDIXES National Ground Water Association’s Distinguished Darcy Lectureship (1996), and designation as a ISI Highly Cited Author in Ecology/Environment (2002). She is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and a member of both the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the National Academy of Engineer- ing (NAE). Dr. Abriola is an elected member of the American Society of Engi- neering Education Engineering Dean’s Council and the NAE governing council. Jane Buikstra is a bioarchaeologist and is a Regents’ Professor at Arizona State University where she also directs the Center for Bioarchaeological Research within the School of Human Evolution and Social Change. She was formerly the Leslie Spier Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico, and the Harold H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1987. Her research interests include paleopathology, human skeletal biol- ogy, paleodemography, forensic anthropology, genetic relationships within and between paleopopulations, paleodiet, and funerary archaeology. She teaches human osteology, paleopathology, bioarchaeology, forensic anthropology, archae- ology of death, and field archaeology. She is a past President of the American Anthropological Association, the American Association of Physical Anthropolo- gists, and the Paleopathology Association and is currently President of the Center for American Archeology. She has received numerous research grants from the National Science Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the National Geographic Society, and the Smithsonian Institution. She has authored or edited 19 books, including the Bioarchaeology of Tuberculosis: A Global View of a Re-Emerging Disease (2003) with Charlotte Roberts, and Bioarchaeology: The Contextual Approach to the Study of Human Remains (2006) with Lane Beck. In addition, she has published more than 100 articles or chapters on a variety of subjects, including bone chemistry in eastern North America, ancient treponematosis and tuberculosis in the Americas and in Egypt, diet and health of Argaric peoples (Bronze Age, Spain), australopithecine spinal pathology, trauma in Copan’s founding dynasty (Maya), coca-chewing, cranial deformation, tuberculosis, and funerary rituals of ancient Andeans. Alicia Carriquiry is Professor of Statistics and has served as Associate Provost, Iowa State University. Dr. Carriquiry is an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, a fellow of the American Statistical Association, and a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. She is Past President of the Interna- tional Society for Bayesian Analysis, and served on the Executive Committee of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. She has been a trustee of the National Institute of Statistical Sciences since 1997, and has served on its Executive Com- mittee. She is currently Vice President of the American Statistical Association and a member of the Council of the International Statistical Institute. Dr. Carriquiry

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 GENDER DIFFERENCES IN FACULTy CAREERS is Associate Editor of Statistical Sciences and Associate Editor of The Annals of Applied Statistics and serves on the editorial boards of two Latin American jour- nals in mathematics and statistics. She currently serves on the Human Subjects Review Board of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and is a consultant to the Chilean government on the upcoming National Health Survey. Dr. Car- riquiry has published more than 90 refereed articles and technical reports and has co-edited four books. Her research interests are in the development of Bayesian methods and applications in public health, nutrition, traffic safety, and genetics. She has also collaborated in research projects in the area of stochastic volatility and other nonlinear models for time-dependent data. She has served on several National Academy of Sciences committees, in addition to the present one. She participated in the Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of the Dietary Refer- ence Intakes; the standing Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics; the Committee on Assessing the Feasibility and Technical Capabilities of a National Ballistics Database; the Committee on Eligibility for the Women and Infant Chil- dren Program; and the Committee on Ethics and Scientific Validity of Toxicity Studies Involving Human Subjects. She currently serves on the standing Commit- tee on National Statistics and on the standing Committee on the Use of Evidence in Public Policy. She was recently a reviewer of Beyond Bias and Barriers. Ronald G. Ehrenberg is the Irving M. Ives Professor of Industrial and Labor Relations and Economics and a Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow at Cornell University, as well as the Director of the Cornell Higher Education Research Insti- tute. He currently is an elected member of Cornell’s Board of Trustees and from July 1, 1995, to June 30, 1998, served as Cornell’s Vice President for Academic Programs, Planning and Budgeting. Dr. Ehrenberg received his B.A. in mathemat- ics from Harpur College (Binghamton University) in 1966, a Ph.D. in economics from Northwestern University in 1970, and an Honorary Doctor of Science from the State University of New York in 2008. A member of the Cornell faculty for 33 years, Dr. Ehrenberg has authored or co-authored more than 120 papers and authored or edited 20 books. He is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a past President and fellow of the Society of Labor Econo- mists, a fellow of the TIAA-CREF Institute, a fellow of the American Educational Research Association, a member of the National Academy of Education, and a member of the National Academy of Social Insurance. Dr. Ehrenberg previously chaired the American Association of University Professors committees on the economic status of the profession and on retirement, and served on the American Economic Association’s Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession. At the NRC he previously served on the Committee on Dimensions, Causes and Implications of Trends in Early Career Events for Life Scientists, the Committee on Methods for Forecasting Demand and Supply of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, the Policy and Gobal Affairs Oversight Committee, and the Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel Advisory Board. He previously chaired

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 APPENDIXES the NRC’s Board on Higher Education and the Workforce and is a National Asso - ciate of the National Academies. Joan Girgus is Professor of Psychology and Special Assistant to the Dean of the Faculty at Princeton University. She has also served as Chair of the Psychology Department and Dean of the College at Princeton. Prior to going to Princeton, she served as a faculty member and dean at the City College of City University of New York (CUNY). Dr. Girgus has done research and written books and papers on perception and perceptual development, personality development, the transi- tion from childhood to adolescence, and the psychosocial basis of depression. She has also written papers on undergraduate science education and on women in science. Her research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Ford Foundation, and CUNY. Dr. Girgus is one of the principals of The Learning Alliance, the first just-in-time provider of strategic expertise to college and university leaders. From 1993-2003, she was a member of the executive committee of the Pew Higher Education Roundtable and its succes- sor, the Knight Higher Education Roundtable, which worked with a broad range of colleges and universities to identify “best practices” for academic restructuring, and was a consulting editor of Policy Perspectives, which published essays on major issues in higher education. From 1987-1999, she directed the Pew Science Program, a national program to improve undergraduate science education spon- sored by the Pew Charitable Trusts. Dr. Girgus is currently a trustee of Adelphi University, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, and McCarter Theatre. She has also served on the Board of Trustees of the American Association on Higher Education (AAHE) and Sarah Lawrence College. Dr. Girgus received her B.A. from Sarah Lawrence College and both her M.A. and Ph.D. from the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research in New York City. Arleen Leibowitz is Professor of Public Policy at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Public Affairs. Dr. Leibowitz has conducted research in health and labor economics since obtaining her Ph.D. in economics at Columbia University. Dr. Leibowitz’s research centers on investments in human capital and in health. She has examined the role of maternal education in invest- ments in children, educational outcomes for children, the demand for child care, the effect of education on women’s labor force participation, secular trends in women’s labor supply, and the effect of maternity leave on new mothers’ return to work. As a member of the Health Insurance Experiment team at RAND, she worked extensively in health economics and policy, studying the effect of cost- sharing on medical care expenditures, children’s health care use, birth rates, expenditures for prescription and over-the-counter drugs, and managed care. Dr. Leibowitz led the economics team of the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study. Currently, Dr. Leibowitz heads the Policy Core of the UCLA Center for HIV

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 GENDER DIFFERENCES IN FACULTy CAREERS Identification, Prevention, and Treatment Services, where her research examines how public policies, such as Medicaid and AIDS Drug Assistance Program, and private policies, such as managed care, affect the amount and kind of medical care obtained by persons living with HIV. Dr. Leibowitz is one of the core par- ticipants in the Blue Sky Group, which seeks to redirect the discussion of health care reform from an exclusive focus on incremental improvements in medical care and in insurance to a more comprehensive vision of the health system. Dr. Leibowitz served on the Committee on National Statistics of the NRC (CNSTAT) from 2001 to 2004. Thomas N. Taylor is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Biodiversity Reearch Institute at the University of Kansas. He is also Senior Curator of the Natural History Museum and Bio- diversity Research Center, and Courtesy Professor for the Department of Geology. He has served as Director of the State of Kansas NSF Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) Program. Dr. Taylor holds a B.A. degree in botany from Miami University (Oxford) and a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Illinois (1964). He was a postdoctoral fellow at Yale University. He has served on numerous state, national, and international committees including the National Science Foundation—Education and Human Resources Advisory Committee, National Science Foundation—GPRA-Performance Assessment Advisory Committee, National Science Foundation—MPSAC/EHRAC Commit- tee to Review Undergraduate Education in the Math and Physical Sciences, Chair of the Strategic Planning and Assessment Committee for NIH BRIN KU Medical Center, Senator Pat Robert’s Advisory Committee in Science, Technology, Future Kansas Implementation Advisory Committee, and Bioinformatics Core Advisory Committee. He served on the Polar Research Board for the NRC and as Faculty Advisor to the Chancellor of the Ohio Board of Regents, and on the Govern- ment-University-Industry Research Roundtable for the State of Ohio. Dr. Taylor has published more than 380 peer-reviewed research papers and authored more than eight edited books on various aspects of the paleobiology of Antarctic fossil biotas, biology and evolution of fossil microbes, and evolution of early land plants. Dr. Taylor has received numerous honors including the Research Achievement Award in the State of Kansas, Distinguished Scholar Award and Teaching Award from Ohio State University, and the Merit Award from the Botanical Society of America. Dr. Taylor is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is currently a member of the National Science Board where he serves on the Com- mittee on Education and Human Resources, Subcommittee on Polar Issues, and Committee on Strategy and Budget. Lilian Shiao-yen Wu is Program Executive, Global University Relations, IBM Technology Strategy and Innovation and a research scientist. In this position she manages IBM’s portfolio of investments in projects to support research collabora-

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 APPENDIXES tions between IBM and universities. These research collaborations often include governments, foundations, or companies. Prior to this position she was Consultant for Corporate Technology Strategy Development and for most of her career a research scientist in applied mathematics at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. Her major research interests are mathematical modeling and risk analysis, particularly for the services industry and the electric and energy industries. She holds a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Maryland, College Park and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Cornell University. Her professional services include Chair of the National Research Council’s Com- mittee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine; member of the S&E Workforce Committee of the Government-University-Industry Research Round- table of the National Research Council; and member of NSF’s Advisory Com- mittee on International Science and Engineering and NSF’s Corporate Alliance. She was a member of President Clinton’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and NSF’s Committee on Equal Opportunity in Science and Engineering, and she served on the Advisory Committee of NSF’s Engineer- ing Directorate. Among her other professional services, she served on American Association for the Advancement of Science’s Committee on Public Understand- ing of Science and Technology and Department of Energy’s Secretary of Energy’s Laboratory Operations Advisory Board. She received her Ph.D. in applied math- ematics from Cornell University. Her major research interests are analysis and modeling of technology-enabled and people-intensive complex systems, particu- larly in the services sector. She is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the New School University, the President’s Council of Olin College, and the Global Advisory Board of Fordham University School of Business.