This section briefly examines the distribution of doctoral scientists and engineers employed full-time by field and gender. As shown in Figure A2-4, women employed in the biological, physical, and health sciences were the most likely to be working full-time. In the case of men, those who were employed in engineering and the physical sciences were more likely to be working full-time.
Figure A2-5 examines the percentage of women among doctorates employed full-time in six different disciplines. Although the percentage of women among scientists and engineers was rising, women still made up a small fraction of those employed in the agricultural sciences, engineering, mathematics and computer sciences, and the physical sciences.
This section considers the employment sector of those who were employed full-time. NRC (2001a:102) noted that “sector of employment is a fundamental dimension of the scientific career that affects work experience, opportunities,
The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Appendix 2-1: Review of Literature and Relevant Research ."
Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
Please select a format: