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EMPLOYMENT DISCIPLINE

This section briefly examines the distribution of doctoral scientists and engineers employed full-time by field and gender. As shown in Figure A2-4, women employed in the biological, physical, and health sciences were the most likely to be working full-time. In the case of men, those who were employed in engineering and the physical sciences were more likely to be working full-time.

Figure A2-5 examines the percentage of women among doctorates employed full-time in six different disciplines. Although the percentage of women among scientists and engineers was rising, women still made up a small fraction of those employed in the agricultural sciences, engineering, mathematics and computer sciences, and the physical sciences.

EMPLOYMENT SECTOR

This section considers the employment sector of those who were employed full-time. NRC (2001a:102) noted that “sector of employment is a fundamental dimension of the scientific career that affects work experience, opportunities,

FIGURE A2-4 Distribution of full-time employed S&E doctorates by discipline and gender, 1995-2003.

FIGURE A2-4 Distribution of full-time employed S&E doctorates by discipline and gender, 1995-2003.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995-2003. Tabulated by the NRC.



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