The percentage of women among full professors appeared to be rising or remaining level in each field.
Women comprised approximately 30 percent of associate professors at medical colleges and at baccalaureate institutions and approximately 24 percent at Research I institutions.
The percentage of women among associate professors appeared to be rising or remaining level at each type of institution, except at medical colleges, where the trend was less clear.
Women comprised between 35 and 40 percent of assistant professors at medical colleges. For assistant professors, there were more similarities across institution type. At each institution type, the proportion of women among assistant professors tended to be around 30 to 35 percent, excepting Research II institutions, which were lower.
The percentage of women among assistant professors was rising at Research I institutions and at medical colleges but was less clear at other types of institutions.
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Appendix 2-1: Review of Literature and Relevant Research ."
Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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