While women are increasingly receiving Ph.D.s in Science and Engineering (S&E), they are still greatly outnumbered by men in terms of applications for Research I positions. For tenure-track jobs, the median number of applications a department receives is 52 applications from men and 8 applications from women—or about 7 applications from men for every application from a woman. For tenured positions, the median number of applications a department receives is 40 applications from men and 8 from women, for a ratio of 5 to 1.7 Figure 3-1(a) presents a histogram of the percentage of female applicants for all positions; Figure 3-1(b) presents this information for tenured positions; and Figure 3-1(c) presents this information for tenure-track positions.
Overall, departments received from 1 to 800 applications for their advertised tenure-track positions (n = 626), and 1 to 500 applications for tenured positions (n = 128). Departments recorded only 1 applicant for 17 (3 percent) tenure-track positions and 9 (8 percent) tenured positions. The survey results showed that 3 men and 2 women were hired through “target of opportunity” positions where
These figures are medians. The median was used because the data are skewed; there are a few positions that had hundreds of applicants. The mean number of applications for tenure-track jobs was 85 applications from men and 17 from women. The mean number of applications for tenured jobs was 78 from men and 17 from women.
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3 Gender Differences in Academic Hiring ."
Gender Differences at Critical Transitions in the Careers of Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Faculty . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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