Appendix G
Side-by-Side Comparison: Keck Graduate Institute of the Applied Life Sciences, Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s Initiative, and America COMPETES Act, Section 7034 PSM Provisions



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Appendix G Side-by-Side Comparison: Keck Graduate Institute of the Applied Life Sciences, Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s Initiative, and America COMPETES Act, Section 7034 PSM Provisions 0

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0 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences KGI was established as an independent Participating Institutions graduate institute within the Claremont Colleges Consortium. The KGI Board of Trustees and Advisory Industry/Employer Council includes representatives of industry, Involvement particularly in biotechnology. One employer, Amgen, has hired about 20% of KGI graduates. The MBS program includes a summer internship between the two years. The curriculum also includes a team master’s project, typically funded on a project-by- project basis by private firms at $50,000 each. (1) The Master of Bioscience (MBS) program Program Characteristics focuses on biosciences—more specifically biotechnology, pharmaceutical, healthcare product, and bioagricultural fields. (2) The MBS curriculum is approximately 2/3 science and engineering and 1/3 management and ethics. The program includes a Team Masters Project each funded by a private sponsor and focused on a real-world problem.

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0 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act Sloan initially provided $125,000 The NSF Director shall award grants to per institutional program track for 4-year institutions of higher education startups in research universities. to facilitate the institutions’ creation or Later, as there was accumulated improvement of professional science knowledge as to how to launch a master’s degree programs. PSM track, the amount per program dropped to $90-$100,000. Still, later, when the Master’s granting institutions were competing, the amount per program was $40,000 per track. Programs typically have industry Programs may include linkages between advisory boards. institutions of higher education and industries that employ science-trained personnel. Programs see potential employers as industry, government agencies, and nonprofits. Programs are required to have a summer internship. (1) Fields in the physical sciences, (1) Programs should focus on high-need biological sciences, mathematics, fields. and computer science. A particular effort was made to identify 12 bioinformatics programs. The scientific focus of a program track was identified by the institution. Very often they are interdisciplinary in nature. (2) Programs should have an emphasis on (2) PSM programs include a “plus” practical training and preparation for the component that focuses on workplace workforce. skills: communication, project management, interdisciplinary teamwork, ethics, and—as appropriate—business, legal, or computational skills.

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0 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences The W.M. Keck Foundation provided an Program Funding initial funding of $50 million (current use and endowment) to establish KGI. An additional $20 million grant from Keck and $30 million from other sources has been invested. Master of Bioscience Program (2 years). Number of Programs New Fully Employed Master of Bioscience Program (for full-time employees; delivered via distance learning and evening classes; 3 year program). N/A Time Period

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0 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act Sloan grant funds approved for PSM The COMPETES Act authorizes funding programs (from 1/1/1997 to present): for NSF to implement Section 7034 at up $17.5 million. Sloan grant funds to $10 million for Fy 2008, $12 million in paid out to date: $15.9 million. This Fy 2009, and $15 million in Fy 2010. includes grants to institutions, and other grants to university systems, CGS, CPST, science societies, and other organizations that promoted the PSM. More than 100 program tracks in 50 Subject to the availability of appropriated institutions across 20 states as a result funds, the Director shall award grants to of Sloan’s funding 1997-2007. a maximum of 200 4-year institutions of higher education. Grants to research institutions were Grants awarded under this section shall for 3 years. Almost all requested be for one 3-year term. Grants may be NCEs. Average total grant period of renewed only once for a maximum of 2 about 5 years. additional years. Later, planning grants of $7,000 were provided to master’s focused institutions so they could prepare applications for one year grants.

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08 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences N/A Program Application

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0 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act Programs are required to have the A 4-year institution of higher education following: desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Director a) presence of an employer advisory at such time, in such manner, and group, accompanied by such information as the Director may require. The application b) availability (requirement) of shall include— “plus” courses in business basics, ethics, patent law, regulatory affairs, (A) a description of the professional etc., science master’s degree program that the institution of higher education will c) internship, implement; d) 70% of course time in science (with (B) a description of how the professional interdisciplinarity). science master’s degree program at the institution of higher education will produce individuals for the workforce in high-need fields; (C) the amount of funding from non- Federal sources, including from private industries, that the institution of higher education shall use to support the professional science master’s degree program; and (D) an assurance that the institution of higher education shall encourage students in the professional science master’s degree program to apply for all forms of Federal assistance available to such students, including applicable graduate fellowships and student financial assistance under titles IV and VII of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq., 1133 et seq.).

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0 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences Preferences

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 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act Sloan gave initial preference to The Director shall give preference in research institutions. Later, the making awards to institutions seeking program was expanded to include Federal funding to create or improve other doctorate granting institutions professional science master’s degree and master’s focused institutions. programs, to those— (A) located in States with low percentages of citizens with graduate or professional degrees, as determined by the Census Bureau, that demonstrate success in meeting the unique needs of the corporate, non-profit, and government communities in the State, as evidenced by providing internships for professional science master’s degree students or similar partnership arrangements; or (B) that secure more than two-thirds of the funding for such professional science master’s degree programs from sources other than the Federal Government.

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 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences Regional institutional accreditation (Western Program Evaluation Association of Schools and Colleges).

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 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act No formal evaluation program (A) DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE required. BENCHMARKS.—Prior to the start of the grant program, the Director, in collaboration with 4-year institutions of higher education (including applicable graduate schools and academic departments), and industries and Federal agencies that employ science-trained personnel, shall develop performance benchmarks to evaluate the pilot programs assisted by grants under this section. (B) EVALUATION.—For each year of the grant period, the Director, in consultation with 4-year institutions of higher education (including applicable graduate schools and academic departments), and industries and Federal agencies that employ science-trained personnel, shall complete an evaluation of each program assisted by grants under this section. Any program that fails to satisfy the performance benchmarks developed under subparagraph (A) shall not be eligible for further funding. (C) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the completion of an evaluation described in subparagraph (B), the Director shall submit a report to Congress that includes—(i) the results of the evaluation; and (ii) recommendations for administrative and legislative action that could optimize the effectiveness of the pilot programs, as the Director determines to be appropriate.

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 SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS Keck Graduate Institute of Program Feature Applied Life Sciences Extensive and expensive recruitment of Clearinghouse applicants.

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 APPENDIX G Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Professional Science Master’s PSM Provisions of the Initiative American COMPETES Act Sciencemasters.com has provided (1) The NSF Director shall establish a clearinghouse of information on clearinghouse, in collaboration with 4-year PSM programs. With funding from institutions of higher education (including the Sloan Foundation, this site was applicable graduate schools and academic maintained by Sheila Tobias, 1997- departments), and industries and Federal 2006, and by CGS, 2006-present. agencies that employ science-trained personnel, to share program elements A new association of PSM directors, used in successful professional science the National PSM Association master’s degree programs and other (NPSMA), has formed in 2007. This advanced degree programs related to association will also serve as a science, technology, engineering, and clearinghouse of information about mathematics. PSM programs. (2) The NSF Director shall make the clearinghouse available to institutions of higher education that are developing professional science master’s degree programs.

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