—President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Workforce/Education Subcommittee, Sustaining the Nation’s Innovation Ecosystem: Report on Maintaining the Strength of Our Science and Engineering Capabilities (June 2004) http://www.ostp.gov/PCAST/FINALPCASTSECAPABILITIESPACKAGE.pdf.

TALENT: Build a National Innovation Education Strategy for a diverse, innovative and technologically trained workforce:

  • Establish tax-deductible private-sector “invest in the future” scholarships for American S&E undergraduates

  • Empower young American innovators by creating 5,000 new portable graduate fellowships funded by federal R&D agencies

  • Expand university-based Professional Science Master’s and traineeships to all state university systems

  • Reform Immigration to attract the best and the brightest S&E students from around the world and provide work permits to foreign S&E graduates of U.S. institutions

—Council on Competitiveness, Innovate America: Thriving in a World of Challenge and Change, National Innovation Initiative Report (December 2004) http://www.innovateamerica.org/webscr/report.asp.

Increase the retention rate of undergraduates in science, technology, engineering and math majors by expanding programs such as NSF’s Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Talent Expansion Program (STEP Tech Talent), and by offering programs such as the Professional Science Masters that encourage college graduates to pursue fields outside of academia that combine science and/or math with industry needs. Encourage private sector involvement in consortia of industries and universities that establish clear metrics to increase the number of graduates. (Higher Education, Business, Federal, State)

—U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Tapping America’s Potential: The Education for Innovation Initiative (2005) http://www.uschamber.com/publications/reports/050727_tap.htm.

Continue to establish and build on professional science masters programs that meet specific science and technical managerial workforce needs identified by the federal government, business, and industry.

—Association of American Universities, National Defense Educa-

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