TABLE 1-1 Representative Development Times of Major Historical and Recent Programs

Program and Year of First Use

Years to First Use from Contractor Selection

Historical programs

 

Manhattan Project (1945)

Defense Support Program (1970)

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (1958)

Apollo (1967)

8

F-104 (1958)

5

SR-71 (1962)

3

Recent programs

 

Future Imagery Architecture-Optical

13 (projected when canceled)

Space Based Infrared Systems/Boost Surveillance and Tracking System (to be determined)

>20

B-2 bomber (1993)

11

Joint Strike Fighter (to be determined)

≈13

F-22 (2005)

14

TABLE 1-2 Cost and Schedule Outcomes Sorted by Percentage of Product Development Remaining

Program

Cost Growth (Percent)a

Schedule Growth (Months)

Development Remaining (Percent)

Aerial Common Sensor

45

24

85

Future Combat System

48

48

78

Joint Strike Fighter

30

23

60

Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

61

48

49

C-130 Avionics Modernization

122

Delays anticipated

Undetermined

Global Hawk (RQ-4B)

166

Delays anticipated

Undetermined

aCost growth is expressed as the percentage change in program development cost estimates in 2005 base-year dollars.

SOURCE: Reprinted from Government Accountability Office, 2006, Major Weapon Systems Continue to Experience Cost and Schedule Problems Under DOD’s Revised Policy, GAO-06-368, April. Available at http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d06368high.pdf. Last accessed April 2, 2007.

modern programs to further illustrate the current trend toward increasing cost and time to deployment.

In an effort to develop consistent policies and methodologies to address cost and schedule overruns, the Department of Defense (DOD) has published numerous policies, undertaken studies,1 and developed several guidebooks such as the

1

See Defense Science Board, 2007, 21st Century Strategic Technology Vectors, Vol. I: Accelerating the Transition of Technologies into US Capabilities, April, Washington, D.C.: OUSD (AT&L).



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