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Appendix C
Biographical Information

Chairman

WILLIAM J. SPENCER is Chairman Emeritus of SEMATECH and International SEMATECH. Created in 1990, SEMATECH is a consortium of companies whose goal is to improve semiconductor manufacturing technologies. As chief executive officer and president, he refocused the organization’s efforts on streamlining the manufacturing process and introduced standardization. Under his guidance, the institution fostered cooperative relationships among competitors, expanded to include non-U.S. members, and transitioned from government support to increased industry funding. Previously, Dr. Spencer held key research positions at Xerox Corporation, Bell Laboratories, and Sandia National Laboratories. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of IEEE. He received an A.B. from William Jewell College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Kansas State University.

Committee Members

LINDA M. ABRIOLA is dean of engineering at Tufts University. Previously, she was professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Michigan. Her research interests relate to the prediction of the transport and fate of organic chemical contaminants in the subsurface. She has a Ph.D. in civil engineering from Princeton University and is a member of NAE.


PETER R. BRIDENBAUGH is retired executive vice president-science, technology, engineering, environment, safety, and health of Alcoa. Dr. Bridenbaugh joined Alcoa in 1968 at the Alcoa Research Laboratories, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. During his career, he has held positions in Alcoa Laboratories Warrick (Indiana) Operations and Tennessee Operations. He has led Alcoa Technical Center since 1983 and was appointed to his present position in 1991. Dr. Bridenbaugh serves on advisory boards at Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania State University, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Virginia, Lehigh University, and Northwestern University. He is chair of the Engineering Design Research Center Industrial Planning Committee at Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Bridenbaugh has a Ph.D. in materials science from MIT. He is a member of NAE.


STEPHEN W. DREW is retired vice president of technical operations and engineering, Merck & Co. Inc. Currently with Science Partners LLC, his technical areas of expertise are chemical, biological, and engineering technology for the bulk chemical manufacture of pharmaceuticals. He was elected to NAE for his work in this area in 1993. He has a Ph.D. in biochemical engineering from MIT.


SAM FLORMAN is a writer as well as a practicing engineer and chairman of Kreisler Borg Florman General Construction Company in Scarsdale, New York. Florman was elected to NAE in 1995. He is the author of six books dealing with the relationship of technology to the general culture and has written more than 250 articles in professional journals and popular magazines. Florman, a lifelong resident of New York City, is a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He holds a bachelor’s degree and a civil engineer’s degree from Dartmouth College and an M.A. in English literature from Columbia University.



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Appendix C Biographical information Chairman Alcoa Laboratories Warrick (Indiana) Operations and Ten- nessee Operations. He has led Alcoa Technical Center since WILLIAM J. SPENCER is Chairman Emeritus of SEMATECH 1983 and was appointed to his present position in 1991. Dr. and International SEMATECH. Created in 1990, SEMATECH Bridenbaugh serves on advisory boards at Carnegie Mellon is a consortium of companies whose goal is to improve semi- University, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania State Uni- conductor manufacturing technologies. As chief executive versity, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- officer and president, he refocused the organization’s efforts nology (MIT), University of Virginia, Lehigh University, on streamlining the manufacturing process and introduced and Northwestern University. He is chair of the Engineering standardization. Under his guidance, the institution fostered co- Design Research Center Industrial Planning Committee at operative relationships among competitors, expanded to include Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Bridenbaugh has a Ph.D. in non-U.S. members, and transitioned from government support materials science from MIT. He is a member of NAE. to increased industry funding. Previously, Dr. Spencer held key research positions at Xerox Corporation, Bell Laboratories, and STEPHEN W. DREW is retired vice president of technical Sandia National Laboratories. He is a member of the National operations and engineering, Merck & Co. Inc. Currently Academy of Engineering and a fellow of IEEE. He received an with Science Partners LLC, his technical areas of expertise A.B. from William Jewell College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are chemical, biological, and engineering technology for in physics from Kansas State University. the bulk chemical manufacture of pharmaceuticals. He was elected to NAE for his work in this area in 1993. He has a Committee Members Ph.D. in biochemical engineering from MIT. LINDA M. ABRIOLA is dean of engineering at Tufts SAM FLORMAN is a writer as well as a practicing engineer University. Previously, she was professor of civil and envi- and chairman of Kreisler Borg Florman General Construc- ronmental engineering at the University of Michigan. Her tion Company in Scarsdale, New York. Florman was elected research interests relate to the prediction of the transport and to NAE in 1995. He is the author of six books dealing with fate of organic chemical contaminants in the subsurface. She the relationship of technology to the general culture and has has a Ph.D. in civil engineering from Princeton University written more than 250 articles in professional journals and and is a member of NAE. popular magazines. Florman, a lifelong resident of New York City, is a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. PETER R. BRIDENBAUGH is retired executive vice He holds a bachelor’s degree and a civil engineer’s degree president-science, technology, engineering, environment, from Dartmouth College and an M.A. in English literature safety, and health of Alcoa. Dr. Bridenbaugh joined Alcoa in from Columbia University. 1968 at the Alcoa Research Laboratories, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. During his career, he has held positions in 9

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30 THE OFFSHORING OF ENGINEERING SUSAN L. GRAHAM is Pehong Chen Distinguished Pro- GEORGE TAMARO is a partner at Mueser Rutledge Con- fessor, Computer Science Division—EECS, University of sulting Engineers. His technical interests are primarily in California, Berkeley. Her expertise is in the design and structural and geotechnical engineering. His work involves a implementation of programming languages; techniques, broad range of analytical, design, and construction problems methodology, tools, and environments for software develop- related to deep foundations and underground structures. He is ment; and software support for high-performance computing. also involved in the design and construction of containment She has a Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford Univer- facilities and the control of dam seepage using special bar- sity and was elected to NAE in 1993. rier systems. Mr. Tamaro also has an interest in the prepara- tion and training of young engineers who will someday be LORI KLETZER is a professor and chair of the Econom- consultant engineers. He is particularly concerned with the ics Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. development of engineers capable of analyzing, designing, Her areas of specialization are labor economics, industrial and installing safe, economically constructed facilities. He relations, and applied econometrics. Her current research is a member of NAE. interests include consequences for the domestic labor market of increasing economic integration; the causes and costs of MARIE C. THURSBY is a member of the strategic man- job displacement; differences in educational attainment, occu- agement faculty and holds the Hal and John Smith Chair in pation, and earnings between black and white women; and Entrepreneurship at Georgia Institute of Technology. Before the economics of higher education. She has a Ph.D. from the joining Georgia Tech in 2002, she was a member of the University of California, Berkeley. economics faculty at Purdue University, where she held the Burton D. Morgan Chair of International Policy and Manage- ANNE STEVENS is chair, president, and CEO, Carpenter ment. Dr. Thursby has developed and directed three major Technology Corporation. Until October 1, 2006, she was multidisciplinary programs for research and curriculum group vice president, Canada, Mexico, and South America, development, including Purdue’s Center for International Ford Motor Company, a position to which she was named in Business Education and Research; the Technology Transfer October 2003. At Ford, she was responsible for all operations Initiative; and the Innovation Realization Lab, which teams in each country, including product development, manufac- Ph.D. students in science and engineering with M.B.A. stu- turing, purchasing, finance, and sales and marketing. Ford dents to focus on the interface between technical, manage- Motor Company’s first female group vice president, Stevens ment, and economic issues involved in moving fundamental joined the company in 1990 as a marketing specialist in the research into the marketplace. Plastic Products Division, Vehicle Exterior Systems. In 1992, she was named manager of the Quality Services Department at the Saline (Michigan) plant. She is a member of NAE.