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The Offshoring of Engineering: Facts, Unknowns, and Potential Implications Appendix C Biographical Information Chairman WILLIAM J. SPENCER is Chairman Emeritus of SEMATECH and International SEMATECH. Created in 1990, SEMATECH is a consortium of companies whose goal is to improve semiconductor manufacturing technologies. As chief executive officer and president, he refocused the organization’s efforts on streamlining the manufacturing process and introduced standardization. Under his guidance, the institution fostered cooperative relationships among competitors, expanded to include non-U.S. members, and transitioned from government support to increased industry funding. Previously, Dr. Spencer held key research positions at Xerox Corporation, Bell Laboratories, and Sandia National Laboratories. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of IEEE. He received an A.B. from William Jewell College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Kansas State University. Committee Members LINDA M. ABRIOLA is dean of engineering at Tufts University. Previously, she was professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Michigan. Her research interests relate to the prediction of the transport and fate of organic chemical contaminants in the subsurface. She has a Ph.D. in civil engineering from Princeton University and is a member of NAE. PETER R. BRIDENBAUGH is retired executive vice president-science, technology, engineering, environment, safety, and health of Alcoa. Dr. Bridenbaugh joined Alcoa in 1968 at the Alcoa Research Laboratories, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. During his career, he has held positions in Alcoa Laboratories Warrick (Indiana) Operations and Tennessee Operations. He has led Alcoa Technical Center since 1983 and was appointed to his present position in 1991. Dr. Bridenbaugh serves on advisory boards at Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania State University, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Virginia, Lehigh University, and Northwestern University. He is chair of the Engineering Design Research Center Industrial Planning Committee at Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Bridenbaugh has a Ph.D. in materials science from MIT. He is a member of NAE. STEPHEN W. DREW is retired vice president of technical operations and engineering, Merck & Co. Inc. Currently with Science Partners LLC, his technical areas of expertise are chemical, biological, and engineering technology for the bulk chemical manufacture of pharmaceuticals. He was elected to NAE for his work in this area in 1993. He has a Ph.D. in biochemical engineering from MIT. SAM FLORMAN is a writer as well as a practicing engineer and chairman of Kreisler Borg Florman General Construction Company in Scarsdale, New York. Florman was elected to NAE in 1995. He is the author of six books dealing with the relationship of technology to the general culture and has written more than 250 articles in professional journals and popular magazines. Florman, a lifelong resident of New York City, is a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. He holds a bachelor’s degree and a civil engineer’s degree from Dartmouth College and an M.A. in English literature from Columbia University.
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The Offshoring of Engineering: Facts, Unknowns, and Potential Implications SUSAN L. GRAHAM is Pehong Chen Distinguished Professor, Computer Science Division—EECS, University of California, Berkeley. Her expertise is in the design and implementation of programming languages; techniques, methodology, tools, and environments for software development; and software support for high-performance computing. She has a Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University and was elected to NAE in 1993. LORI KLETZER is a professor and chair of the Economics Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Her areas of specialization are labor economics, industrial relations, and applied econometrics. Her current research interests include consequences for the domestic labor market of increasing economic integration; the causes and costs of job displacement; differences in educational attainment, occupation, and earnings between black and white women; and the economics of higher education. She has a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. ANNE STEVENS is chair, president, and CEO, Carpenter Technology Corporation. Until October 1, 2006, she was group vice president, Canada, Mexico, and South America, Ford Motor Company, a position to which she was named in October 2003. At Ford, she was responsible for all operations in each country, including product development, manufacturing, purchasing, finance, and sales and marketing. Ford Motor Company’s first female group vice president, Stevens joined the company in 1990 as a marketing specialist in the Plastic Products Division, Vehicle Exterior Systems. In 1992, she was named manager of the Quality Services Department at the Saline (Michigan) plant. She is a member of NAE. GEORGE TAMARO is a partner at Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers. His technical interests are primarily in structural and geotechnical engineering. His work involves a broad range of analytical, design, and construction problems related to deep foundations and underground structures. He is also involved in the design and construction of containment facilities and the control of dam seepage using special barrier systems. Mr. Tamaro also has an interest in the preparation and training of young engineers who will someday be consultant engineers. He is particularly concerned with the development of engineers capable of analyzing, designing, and installing safe, economically constructed facilities. He is a member of NAE. MARIE C. THURSBY is a member of the strategic management faculty and holds the Hal and John Smith Chair in Entrepreneurship at Georgia Institute of Technology. Before joining Georgia Tech in 2002, she was a member of the economics faculty at Purdue University, where she held the Burton D. Morgan Chair of International Policy and Management. Dr. Thursby has developed and directed three major multidisciplinary programs for research and curriculum development, including Purdue’s Center for International Business Education and Research; the Technology Transfer Initiative; and the Innovation Realization Lab, which teams Ph.D. students in science and engineering with M.B.A. students to focus on the interface between technical, management, and economic issues involved in moving fundamental research into the marketplace.