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DSB (Defense Science Board). 2005. High Performance Microchip Supply. February. Available online at

Ellis, R.A., E.L. Babco, L.M. Frehill, and N.E. Bell. 2007. Improving Federal Statistics on the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Workforce. White Paper Number 2. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology.

GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2004. Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight into Offshoring of Services. GAO-04-932. Washington, D.C.: GAO. Available online at

GAO. 2005a. International Trade: U.S. and India Data on Offshoring Show Significant Differences. GAO-06-116. Washington, D.C.: GAO.

GAO. 2005b. Offshoring of Services: An Overview of the Issues. GAO-06-5. Washington, D.C.: GAO. Available online at

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McKinsey Global Institute. 2005. The Emerging Global Labor Market. New York: McKinsey & Company. Available online at

NAE (National Academy of Engineering). 2004. The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Available online at

NAE. 2005. Educating the Engineer of 2020: Adapting Engineering Education to the New Century. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

NAPA (National Academy of Public Administration). 2006. Off-shoring: An elusive phenomenon. Washington, D.C.: NAPA.

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NSB (National Science Board). 2006. Science and Engineering Indicators. Arlington, Va.: National Science Foundation.

Sturgeon, T.J. 2006. Services Offshoring Working Group Final Report. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Industrial Performance Center. Available online at

Thursby, J., and M. Thursby. 2006. Here or There? A Survey on the Factors in Multinational R&D Location. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. Available online at

Uchitelle, Louis. 2006. The Disposable American. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Wadhwa, V., G. Gereffi, B. Rissing, and R. Ong. 2007a. Where the Engineers Are. Issues in Science and Technology 23(3): 73–84.

Wadhwa, V., A. Saxenian, B. Rissing, and G. Gereffi. 2007b. America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs. Duke University and University of California at Berkeley. Available online at

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