BIOINSPIRED CHEMISTRY FOR ENERGY

A WORKSHOP SUMMARY TO THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE

Sandi Schwartz, Tina Masciangioli, and Boonchai Boonyaratanakornkit

Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
BIOINSPIRED CHEMISTRY FOR ENERGY A WORKSHOP SUMMARY TO THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE Sandi Schwartz, Tina Masciangioli, and Boonchai Boonyaratanakornkit Chemical Sciences Roundtable Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division on Earth and Life Studies

OCR for page R1
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant DE-FG02- 07ER15872, the National Institutes of Health under Grant N01-OD-4-2139 (Task Order 25), and the National Science Foundation under Grant CHE-0621582. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-11487-5 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-11487-X Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

OCR for page R1
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

OCR for page R1
CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE Cochairs Charles P. Casey, University of Wisconsin, Madison Mary l. MandiCh, Lucent-Alcatel, Murray Hill, New Jersey Members Paul anastas, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut PatriCia a. Baisden, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California MiChael r. BerMan, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Arlington, Virginia aPurBa BhattaCharya, Texas A&M, Kingsville, Texas louis Brus, Columbia, New York leonard J. BuCkley,* Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia Mark Cardillo, Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, New York WilliaM F. Carroll Jr., Occidental Chemical Corporation, Dallas, Texas John C. Chen, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania luis eChegoyen, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia gary J. Foley, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina teresa FryBerger, NASA Earth Sciences Division, Washington, District of Columbia alex harris, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York sharon haynie,* E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Delaware Paul F. MCkenzie, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, New Brunswick, New Jersey Marquita M. qualls, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, Pennsylvania Judy raPer, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia douglas ray,* Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington geraldine l. riChMond, University of Oregon, Eugene MiChael e. rogers, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland eriC rolFing, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, District of Columbia levi thoMPson, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Frankie Wood-BlaCk, Trihydro Corporation, Ponca City, Oklahoma National Research Council Staff kathryn hughes, Postdoctoral Associate tina M. MasCiangioli, Responsible Staff Officer kela l. Masters, Senior Program Assistant eriCka M. MCgoWan, Associate Program Officer syBil a. Paige, Administrative Associate sandi sChWartz, Rapporteur dorothy zolandz, Director *These members of the Chemical Sciences Roundtable oversaw the planning of the Workshop on Bioinspired Chemistry for Energy but were not involved in the writing of this workshop summary. iv

OCR for page R1
BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY Cochairs F. FleMing CriM, University of Wisconsin, Madison gary s. CalaBrese, Corning, Inc., Corning, New York Members BenJaMin anderson, Eli Lilly K.K., Kobe, Japan PaBlo deBenedetti, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey ryan r. dirkx, Arkema, Inc., King of Prussia, Pennsylvania george W. Flynn, Columbia University, New York MauriCio Futran, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, New Brunswick, New Jersey Mary galvin-donoghue, Air Products and Chemicals, Allentown, Pennsylvania Paula t. haMMond, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge rigoBerto hernandez, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta JaMes l. kinsey, Rice University, Houston, Texas Martha a. kreBs, California Energy Commission, Sacramento Charles t. kresge, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan JosePh a. Miller, Corning, Inc., Corning, New York sCott J. Miller, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut gerald v. PoJe, Independent Consultant, Vienna, Virginia donald Prosnitz, The Rand Corporation, Walniut Creek, California thoMas h. uPton, ExxonMobil Chemical Company, Baytown, Texas National Research Council Staff kathryn hughes, Postdoctoral Fellow tina M. MasCiangioli, Program Officer eriCka M. MCgoWan, Associate Program Officer syBil a. Paige, Administrative Associate JessiCa Pullen, Research Assistant kela l. Masters Senior Program Assistant FederiCo san Martini, Program Officer dorothy zolandz, Director v

OCR for page R1

OCR for page R1
Preface The Chemical Sciences Roundtable (CSR) was established in 1997 by the National Research Council. It provides a science-oriented apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemistry-related issues affecting government, industry, and universi- ties. Organized by the National Research Council’s Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, the CSR aims to strengthen the chemical sciences by fostering communication among the people and organizations—spanning industry, government, universities, and professional associations—involved with the chemical enterprise. One way it does this is by organizing workshops that address issues in chemical science and technology that require national attention. In May 2007, the CSR organized a workshop on the topic “Bioinspired Chemistry for Energy.” This document summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop and includes poster presenter abstracts. In accordance with the policies of the CSR, the workshop did not attempt to establish any conclusions or recommendations about needs and future directions, focusing instead on issues identified by the speakers. In addition, the organizing committee’s role was limited to planning the workshop. The workshop summary has been prepared by the workshop rapporteurs Sandi Schwartz, Tina Masciangioli, and Boonchai Boonyaratanakornkit as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop. vii

OCR for page R1

OCR for page R1
Acknowledgment of Reviewers This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the workshop charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary: Kyu Yong Choi, University of Maryland, College Park Louis Graziano, Rohm and Haas Company, Spring House, Pennsylvania Paula T. Hammond, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge Levi T. Thompson, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the workshop summary nor did they see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Jennie Hunter-Cevera, University of Maryland, Rockville. Appointed by the National Research Council, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Respon- sibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution. ix

OCR for page R1

OCR for page R1
Contents 1 Overview—The Role of Bioinspired Chemistry in Improving 1 Alternative Energy Technologies 2 Government, Industry, and Academic Perspectives on Bioinspired Chemistry 7 for Energy 3 Fundamental Aspects of Bioinspired Chemistry for Energy 15 4 Robust Implementation of Bioinspired Chemistry for Energy 25 5 Partnerships and Integration 31 6 Research Challenges, Education, and Training 33 Appendixes A Workshop Agenda 39 B Biographies 41 C Poster Abstracts 45 D Workshop Attendees 53 E Origin of and Information on the Chemical Sciences Roundtable 55 xi

OCR for page R1