implicit in the case studies, but the case studies do not always include the type of information needed to support the findings.

The appropriate balance of roles between governmental and private efforts deserves more careful consideration. The case has not generally been made that private-sector organizations or local and state governments will not undertake the research priorities, so that the federal government must. An exception is the argument that, although private organizations may provide tailored decision-support products to those who can afford them, the government should provide useful information for general use by those who may not be able to afford customized information and/or are not requiring it (e.g., smaller water districts, towns, rural areas). We suggest that the document give consideration to an approach to climate forecast development that includes public-private partnerships in funding and developing needed information.

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