TABLE 4-3 Overview of the Education and Training of Professionals in Geriatrics



Oral-Health Workers


Total jobs held (2006)a,1

RNs: 2.5 millionb,2 LPNs: 749,000

Dentists: 161,000; (General dentists: 136,000) Dental hygienists: 167,000


Geriatric specialization or certification

Less than 1% of RNs and about 2.6% of APRNs certified3,28


1,297 certified (less than 1%)4

Academic leadership

76% of baccalaureate programs have at least one full-time “expert,” 29% have a certified faculty member8

63% of dental schools have a geriatric director or chairman9

43% have two full-time faculty; most rely on part-time faculty10

Exposure to geriatrics in schools

One-third of baccalaureate programs require exposure; 94% of fundamental courses integrate geriatric content8

100% of dental and dental hygiene schools have identifiable content; 18.8% of dental hygiene schools have a discrete course14

43% have a discrete course; all schools provide opportunity for advanced training in geriatrics or long-term care10

Advanced geriatric training programs

Less than 100 master’s and post-master’s programs; five programs in geropsychiatric nursing3

13 programs for geriatric dental academic training; no residencies specific to geriatric dentistry18

10 residency programs; one fellowship program19

Number of advanced geriatric trainees

Approximately 300 geriatric APRNs produced annually3


13 resident slots; one fellowship slot19

Explicit testing on non-geriatric board certification exams?c



No general certification; national licensure exam organized by approaches23

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