500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and AARP; Archstone Foundation (Contract No. 07-01-07); The Atlantic Philanthropies (Contract No. 14984); The California Endowment (Contract No. 20062172); The Commonwealth Fund (Contract No. 20070140); The Fan Fox and Leslie R. Samuels Foundation, Inc.; The John A. Hartford Foundation, Inc. (Contract No. 2006-0133); The Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation (Contract No. B06-07); The Retirement Research Foundation (Contract No. 2006-278); and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Contract No. 57803). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Retooling for an aging America : building the health care workforce / Committee on the Future Health Care Workforce for Older Americans, Board on Health Care Services.

p. ; cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN-13: 978-0-309-11587-2 (hardcover)

1. Older people—Medical care--United States. 2. Caregivers—United States. 3. Geriatricians—Supply and demand--United States—Forecasting. I. Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on the Future Health Care Workforce for Older Americans.

[DNLM: 1. Health Services for the Aged—manpower—United States. 2. Aged—United States. 3. Caregivers—United States. 4. Health Manpower—trends—United States. WT 31 R438 2008]

RA564.8.R48 2008



Additional copies of this report are available from the

National Academies Press,

500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet,

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at:

Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2008. Retooling for an aging America: Building the health care workforce. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement