Table 3-3 Comparative Expenditures on Victimization Surveys, United States and England and Wales

Nation

Total Expenditures on Victimization Surveys

By Population per 1,000

By Square Kilometer

By Number of Serious Crimes

England and Wales

12,500,000.00

212.62

82.70

13,897.41

United States

20,731,800.00

73.67

2.26

4,336.91

Ratio of E&W to US

0.60

2.89

36.55

3.20

SOURCE: Land area and population data derived from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/United-Kingdom.html and https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/us.html.

In fiscal year 2006, BJS spent $20.7 million collecting, processing, and reporting NCVS data. The Home Office spends approximately $12.5 million doing the same for the BCS. The United States has roughly four times the population of England and Wales; so on a per capita basis, the former spends $73.67 per 1,000 population on victimization data while the latter spends $212.62. England and Wales spend almost three times as much as the United States. When viewed in terms of land mass, the differences are even greater. The mainland United States is 9,161,000 square kilometers and England and Wales are 151,000 square kilometers. On a per square kilometer basis, England spends almost 36 times as much on victimization statistics as the United States. If we examine these expenditures by police-recorded serious crime volume, England and Wales spend more than three times what the United States spends on victimization statistics. This difference is about 10 percent greater than what we observed by population alone. These comparisons suggest that—at least compared with one international benchmark—the collection of victimization statistics in the United States has been given relatively less funding compared with England and Wales.

In making a comparison with the experience of England and Wales, it is worth noting that a particular role has been defined by statute for the BCS; this formalizes a use and a constituency for it—and adds justification for expenditure on the survey—in a way that does not exist for the NCVS. The Local Government Act 1999 created a set of indicators that are used to measure the performance of government departments and local authorities; the indicators are periodically revised. These indicators are formally known as “best value performance indicators”; in the area of policing, they are



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