FIGURE 8.A.1 Major energy-intensive industries and typical temperatures at which they use process heat.

FIGURE 8.A.1 Major energy-intensive industries and typical temperatures at which they use process heat.

Source: Data from Alberta Department of Energy, 2007; Chenier, 2002; DOE, 2000; Gary et al., 2007; Moorhouse, 2007; NREL, 2001.

Research and Development Opportunities

Although R&D is not needed to deploy evolutionary nuclear plants in the near term, there are many R&D opportunities remaining for evolutionary LWR technologies (some of which could potentially be used in existing plants) and for alternative reactor technologies. Some of the major opportunities are discussed in this section.

Alternative Coolants

The thermodynamic efficiency of power plants is primarily constrained by the temperature of the coolant as it exits the reactor. Thermodynamic efficiency can be improved through the use of reactor coolants that allow higher coolant operat-



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