National Committee for IUPAC. His research interests include electro-organic chemistry, photoelectrochemistry, electrogenerated chemiluminescence, electroanalytical chemistry, and fuel cells. His policy interests include issues related to electrochemical and renewable-energy sources. Dr. Bard received a Ph.D. in chemistry from Harvard University.

JAN BEYEA, chief scientist of Consulting in the Public Interest, consults on nuclear physics and other energy/environmental topics for numerous local, national, and international organizations, including the National Audubon Society. He has served as chief scientist and vice president of the National Audubon Society and has held positions at Holy Cross College, Columbia University, and Princeton University’s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. Dr. Beyea has been a member of numerous advisory committees and panels, including the National Research Council’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Energy Engineering Board, Committee on Alternative Energy R&D Strategies, and Committee to Review DOE’s Fine Particulates Research Plan. He has also served on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board’s Task Force on Economic Modeling, been a member of the policy committee of the Recycling Advisory Council, and advised various studies of the Office of Technology Assessment. Dr. Beyea has expertise in energy technologies and associated environmental and health concerns, and he has written numerous articles on energy and the environment. He received a B.A. from Amherst College and a Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University.

WILLIAM F. BRINKMAN is vice president of physical sciences research for Lucent Technologies, formerly AT&T Bell Laboratories; he held the same position at AT&T Bell Laboratories. He was vice president of the Sandia National Laboratories in 1984–1987, director of the Chemical Physics Research Laboratory in 1981–1984, head of the Infrared Physics and Electronics Research Department of Bell Laboratories in 1972–1974, and a resident fellow at Oxford University in 1965–1966. Dr. Brinkman received his B.S. (1960), M.S. (1962), and Ph.D. (1965) in physics from the University of Missouri at Columbia. He received an honorary D.H.L. from the same institution in 1987. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

DOUGLAS M. CHAPIN, a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), until recently was principal officer and director of MPR Associates, Inc., in Alexandria, Virginia. He has extensive experience in electrical, chemical, and

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