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related activities, and raise issues that go far beyond the focus of the studies in this volume. Nevertheless, in the absence of more effective policies within the United States to address the legitimate concerns and needs of the domestic economic “losers” from globalization, political resistance to policies seeking to further liberalize international flows of trade and investment seems likely to grow. And such political resistance has the potential to undercut the globalization in innovation-related activities that has proven highly beneficial to U.S. and non-U.S. citizens alike.


Research for this chapter was supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Ewing M. Kauffman Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. A portion of David Mowery’s research was supported by the National Science Foundation (SES-0531184).


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