. "Appendix D: Recommendations from National Research Council Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 1." Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2008.
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Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Second Report
Recommendation 4-2. DOE should pay special attention to the transitionfrom the current ICE fuels infrastructure to a nascent hydrogen economy. Aspart of this attention, the DOE should further focus the achievements of thefuel/vehicle pathway integration technical team by placing greater emphasison the transition to hydrogen in its systems analysis work and should applyits systems capabilities to analyzing whether the cost goals for hydrogenproduction, established for a mature hydrogen economy, are appropriatefor the transition. Specifically, this analysis should examine whether settinga hydrogen cost goal during the transition that is higher than the cost goalfor a mature hydrogen economy would speed or impede the introduction offuel-cell-powered vehicles.
Recommendation 4-3. The committee believes that significant developmentefforts should be directed to distributed hydrogen production, includingnatural gas reforming and electrolysis as well as exploratory work on otherdistributed generation options.
Recommendation 4-4. Even closer coordination with other DOE programs would be beneficial, including programs in the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) and the Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology (NE). Representatives from FE and NE should be added to the fuel/vehicle pathway integration and hydrogen production technical teams, and FE and NE should be linked closely with systems analysis efforts in the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology program.
Recommendation 4-5. DOE should create a carbon capture and storage (CCS) system subteam (under the hydrogen production team) in theFreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership and make it part of the overall HydrogenFuel Initiative.
Recommendation 4-6. The goal of ±30 percent precision in estimating CO2 capacity should be focused on geological storage.
Recommendation 4-7. DOE should strengthen the ties between managers of the CCS effort at HFCIT and managers at FE by developing a specific CCS program for hydrogen within FE. In addition, DOE should increase the shared management responsibility of the CCS program between EERE and FE.
Recommendation 4-8. The technical teams working on hydrogen production, delivery, dispensing, and storage should identify the unique R&D needs for hydrogen storage for production, as well as for delivery and dispensing, that are not being adequately addressed by the current project portfolio.