change, 2) assessing social vulnerability and capacity to respond to climatic variations and weaker extremes, and (3) the use of research-based information in natural resources policy and decision-making in the Western U.S., Latin America, and the Caribbean. From 1998 to 2002, Dr. Pulwarty led the development of the NOAA/Office of Global Programs/Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) Program. In addition to federal agencies and the National Research Council, Dr. Pulwarty has acted in advisory capacities to the Organization of American States (Sustainable Development Unit), the World Bank, the governments of Venezuela, Fiji, CARICOM (the Caribbean Economic Community) countries, and the Western Governors Association. Dr. Pulwarty chairs the American Meteorological Society's Board on Societal Impacts, is Deputy Director of the Western Water Assessment Project, and directs the vulnerability assessment component of the World Bank/GEF funded multi-country project on Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate in the Caribbean. He is a lead author on chapters in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Working Group 2 and in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Dr. Pulwarty is also a member of the U.S. Inter-Agency Water Sciences Committee and the North American Regional Reanalysis Advisory Group.


David H. Rind

Dr. David Rind is a staff scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences in New York, NY. Dr. Rind’s expertise is in the application of observations and theory together with advanced climate models to ascertain causes of past changes and implications for future changes. Dr. Rind’s work encompasses time scales ranging from palcoclimate variations to present climate and projections of future changes. Recent studies by Dr. Rind and colleagues include a review of water vapor feedbacks in climate models, examination of the roles of tropospheric and stratospheric changes on large-scale modes of climate variability like the Artic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation, relative influences of solar and anthropogenic forcing, and impacts of sea ice on climate.


Siegfried D. Schubert

Dr. Siegfried D. Schubert received his Ph. D. in Meteorology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1983. His research interests include climate variability and predictability, droughts, hydrological cycle, extreme events, and reanalysis. Dr. Schubert has authored or co-authored 60 papers in peer reviewed journals. He is currently the head of the Sub-Seasonal-to-Decadal group at the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. He organized and directed NASA’s first reanalysis projects. He has served on the science working group of the North American Monsoon Experiment, and has been a member of international APEC Climate Network (APCN) working group. He has served as an Editor for the Journal of Climate.



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