Holzemer, W. L., L. R. Uys, M. L. Chirwa, M. Greeff, L. N. Makoae, T. W. Kohi, P. S. Dlamini, A. L. Stewart, J. Mullan, R. D. Phetlhu, D. Wantland, and K. Durrheim. 2007. Validation of the HIV/AIDS Stigma Instrument-PLWA (HASI-P). AIDS Care—Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV 19(8):1002–1012.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2007. PEPFAR implementation: Progress and promise. Committee for the Evaluation of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Implementation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11905 (accessed February 8, 2008).
IPPF (International Planned Parenthood Federation), GNP+ (The Global Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS), ICW (International Community of Women Living with HIV/ AIDS), and UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS). 2008. The People Living with HIV Stigma Index user guide. London, England: IPPF.
IRIN (Integrated Regional Information Networks). 2007. Mozambique: HIV-infected women blamed and shunned. Nairobi, Kenya: IRIN, U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=71727 (accessed March 5, 2008).
J-PAL (Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Laboratory). 2007. Policy Briefcase No. 3: Cheap and effective ways to change adolescents’ sexual behavior. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://www.povertyactionlab.com/papers/Briefcase%203%20HIV.pdf (accessed March 11, 2008).
Jha, P., L. M. E. Vaz, F. Plummer, N. Nagelkerke, B. Willbond, E. Ngugi, S. Moses, G. John, R. Nduati, K. S. MacDonald, and S. Berkley. 2001. The evidence base for interventions to prevent HIV infection in low- and middle-income countries. Working Paper Series WG5:2. http://www.whoindia.org/LinkFiles/Commission_on_Macroeconomic_and_Health_05_02.pdf (accessed February 28, 2008).
Kenyon, T. 2007. The U.S. president’s emergency plan for AIDS relief: The global impact of HIV/AIDS programs. Speaker presentation at the Institute of Medicine Workshop on Design Considerations for Evaluating the Impact of PEPFAR, Washington, DC.
MOH (Ministry of Health, Uganda) and MACRO. 2006. Uganda HIV/AIDS Sero-Behavioural Survey 2004–2005. Calverton, MD: MOH and MACRO. http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/AIS2/AIS2.pdf (accessed February 28, 2008).
Over, M., P. Heywood, E. Marseille, I. Gupta, S. Hira, N. Nagelkerke, and A. S. Rao. 2004. HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention in India: Modeling the costs and consequences. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Over, M., A. Revenga, E. Masaki, W. Peerapatanapokin, J. Gold, V. Tangcharoensathien, and S. Thanprasertsuk. 2007. The economics of effective AIDS treatment in Thailand. AIDS 21(Suppl 4):S105–S116.
Pulerwitz, J., and G. Barker. 2008. Measuring attitudes toward gender norms among young men in Brazil: Development and psychometric evaluation of the GEM scale. Men and Masculinities 10:322–338.
Stoneburner, R. L., and D. Low-Beer. 2004. Population-level HIV declines and behavioral risk avoidance in Uganda. Science 304(5671):714–718.
Stoneburner, R. L., D. Low-Beer, G. S. Tembo, T. E. Mertens, and G. Asiimwe-Okiror. 1996. Human immunodeficiency virus infection dynamics in East Africa deduced from surveillance data. American Journal of Epidemiology 144:682–695.
Stover, J., and L. Bollinger. 2006. Goals model for estimating the effects of resource allocation decisions on the achievement of the goals of the HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan, Version 2.91. Glastonbury, CT: Futures Institute, http://www.healthpolicyinitiative.com/index.cfm?id=softwareDownload&name=GOALS&file=goals.zip&site=HPI (accessed March 6, 2008).