munity of researchers. But many researchers have not had access to such facilities. Now, however, national facilities that house clusters of small to midrange instrumentation and associated human expertise are beginning to provide this access.

Recommendation 5: DOE should continue to evaluate the effectiveness of recently created facilities to provide access to midrange instrumentation and computational facilities for the advancement of interdisciplinary research in nanoscience and technology. Based on what is learned from this evaluation, analogous, but distinct, centers could be created to facilitate research in biomolecular materials and processes.

Careful evaluation of the successes and failures of recently created facilities at DOE laboratories (for example, the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) will be important for gauging the effectiveness of this model. This evaluation should address questions that include whether the facility is effective in aiding research across the country (rather than just the local area), and whether universities that otherwise lack access to such facilities are benefiting from them.

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