Question 1: How did Earth and other planets form?
Question 2: What happened during Earth’s “dark age” (the first 500 million years)?
Question 3: How did life begin?
Question 4: How does Earth’s interior work, and how does it affect the surface?
Question 5: Why does Earth have plate tectonics and continents?
Question 6: How are Earth processes controlled by material properties?
A HABITABLE PLANET
Question 7: What causes climate to change—and how much can it change?
Question 8: How has life shaped Earth—and how has Earth shaped life?
HAZARDS AND RESOURCES
Question 9: Can earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and their consequences be predicted?
Question 10: How do fluid flow and transport affect the human environment?
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Acronyms and Abbreviations
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Front Matter ."
Origin and Evolution of Earth: Research Questions for a Changing Planet . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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