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FIGURE 2 Global sea level (light blue) for the interval 7-100 Ma derived by new backstripped estimates; lowstands are indicated with thin black lines and are unconstrained by data (Miller et al., 2005a). Global sea level (purple) for the interval 0-7 Ma derived from δ18O after Miller et al. (2005a). Shown for comparison is a benthic foraminiferal δ18O synthesis from 0-100 Ma (red curve) with scale on bottom axis in ‰ (reported to Cibicidoides values [0.64‰ lower than equilibrium]). The portion of the δ18O curve from 0-65 Ma is derived using data from Miller et al. (1987); the Late Cretaceous synthesis is after Miller et al. (2004). Data from 7-100 Ma were interpolated to constant 0.1 myr interval and smoothed with a 21-point Gaussian convolution filter using Igor Pro™. imescale of Berggren et al. (1995). Maps showing maximum sizes of ice sheets during peak glaciation for several intervals. Maps are after DeConto and Pollard (2003a,b) and show the amount of equivalent sea-level change proscribed for a given state (e.g., 25 m) and are calibrated to the δ18O synthesis (correlation lines) using sea-level data.

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