BOX 1-3

Logic Model Terms and Examples

Planning Inputs: Stakeholder input, surveillance and intervention data, and risk assessments.


Production Inputs: Intramural and extramural funding, staffing, management structure, and physical facilities.


Activities: Efforts and work of the program, staff, grantees, and contractors.


Outputs: A direct product of a NIOSH research program that is logically related to the achievement of desirable and intended outcomes.


Intermediate Outcomes: Related to the program’s association with behaviors and changes at individual, group, and organizational levels in the workplace. An assessment of the worth of NIOSH research and its products by outside stakeholders.


End Outcomes: Improvements in safety and health in the workplace. Defined by measures of health and safety and of impact on processes and programs.


External Factors: Actions of forces beyond NIOSH’s control with important bearing on incorporation in the workplace of NIOSH’s outputs to enhance health and safety.



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