TABLE 4-1 Transportation System Responsibility

System

Owner–Operators

Capital Improvements

Land Transportation

Highways and bridges

 

 

Infrastructure

State and local governmentsa

Federal funding for major highways with required local match

Vehicles

Privately owned and operated

NA

Public transportation

 

 

Infrastructure

Local governments and independent authoritiesb

Federal funding with required local match

Rolling stock

Publicly owned and operated

NA

Railroads

 

 

Infrastructure

Privately owned and operated

Private funding

Rolling stock

Privately owned and operated

NA

Pipelines

Privately owned and operated

Private funding

Marine Transportation

Inland and coastal navigation channels, St. Lawrence Seaway, and associated navigation aid (all infrastructure)

Federal government through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Coast Guard

Joint federal and nonfederal public funding, user fees

Ports and terminals

 

 

Infrastructure

State and local governments, independent authorities, and private entities

Public and private funding

Vessels

Privately owned and operated

NA

Air Transportation

Infrastructure

Local governments and independent authorities

Federal funding, supplemented with state and local grants and passenger facility charges

Vehicle fleet

Privately owned and operated

NA

Note: NA = not applicable.

aThe exceptions are highways on federal lands and private toll roads. States are responsible for highways and bridges on major roads. Cities are responsible for major arterial streets in some metropolitan areas.

bSome public transportation services are contracted out to private providers.



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