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Carbon Dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment References GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS EXAMINED IN THE STUDY M1: Manabe, S., and R.T.Wetherald (1975). The effects of doubling the CO2 concentration on the climate of a general circulation model, J. Atmos, Sci. 32, 3. M2: Manabe, S., and R.T.Wetherald (1980). On the distribution of climate change resulting from an increase in CO2 content of the atmosphere (accepted for publication in J. Atmos. Sci., January 1980). M3: Manabe, S., and R.Stouffer (1979). Study of climatic impact of CO2 increase with a mathematical model of global climate (submitted to Nature). H1: Goddard Institute for Space Studies (1978). Proposal for Research in Global Carbon Dioxide Source/Sink Budget and Climate Effects, Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10025. H2: Hansen, J.E. Private communication. Paper in preparation for submission to J. Atmos. Sci. Information available from Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10025. OTHER REFERENCES Bolin, B., E.T.Degens, S.Kempe, and P.Ketner, eds. (1979). The Global Carbon Cycle, SCOPE 13, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, International Council of Scientific Unions, Wiley, New York, 491 pp. Budyko, M.I. (1969). The effect of solar radiation variations on the climate of the earth, Tellus 21, 611. Lian, M.S., and R.D.Cess (1977). Energy balance climate models-a reappraisal of ice-albedo feedback, J. Atmos. Sci. 34, 1058. MacDonald, G.F., H.Abarbanel, P.Carruthers, J.Chamberlain, H.Foley, W.Munk, W. Nierenberg, O.Rothaus, M.Ruderman, J.Vesecky, and F.Zachariasen (1979). The long term impact of atmospheric carbon dioxide on climate, JASON Technical Report JSR-78-07, SRI International, Arlington, Virginia.
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Carbon Dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment Mitchell, J.F.B. (1979). Preliminary report on the numerical study of the effect on climate of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide, Meteorological Office Technical Note No. II/137, Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire, United Kingdom. National Science Foundation (1979). GEOSECS Atlas (in press). Östlund, H.G., H.G.Dorsey, and C.G.Rooth (1974). GEOSECS North Atlantic radiocarbon and tritium results. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 23, 69–86. Ramanathan, V., and J.A.Coakley, Jr. (1978). Climate modeling through radiative-convective models, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 16, 465. Ramanathan, V., M.S.Lian, and R.D.Cess (1979), Increased atmospheric CO2: zonal and seasonal estimates of the effect on the radiation energy balance and surface temperature, J. Geophys. Res. 84, 4949–4958. Sellers, W.D. (1969). A global climatic model based on the energy balance of the earth-atmosphere system. J. Appl. Meteorol. 8, 392.