Cover Image


View/Hide Left Panel

Kirk, W. 1981. Depleted uranium. In Mineral facts and problems. Edited by W. Kirk. Washington, DC: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines. Pp. 997-1003.

Lide, D. R. 1999. CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. 80th ed. Edited by D. R. Lide. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Marshall, A. C. 2005. Analysis of uranium dispersal and health effects using a Gulf War case study. Government Reports Announcements and Index 23:212.

May, L. M., J. Heller, V. Kalinsky, J. Ejnik, S. Cordero, K. J. Oberbroekling, T. T. Long, K. C. Meakim, D. Cruess, and A. P. Lee. 2004. Military deployment human exposure assessment: Urine total and isotopic uranium sampling results. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health A 67(8-10):697-714.

McDiarmid, M. A., and K. S. Squibb. 2001. Uranium and thorium. In Patty’s toxicology. 5th ed. Edited by E. Bingham, B. Cohrssen, and C. H. Powell. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Pp. 381-421.

McDiarmid, M. A., S. M. Engelhardt, M. Oliver, P. Gucer, P. D. Wilson, R. Kane, A. Cernich, B. Kaup, L. Anderson, D. Hoover, L. Brown, R. Albertini, R. Gudi, D. Jacobson-Kram, and K. S. Squibb. 2007. Health surveillance of Gulf War I veterans exposed to depleted uranium: Updating the cohort. Health Physics 93(1):60-73.

Meddings, D. R., and M. Haldimann. 2002. Depleted uranium in Kosovo: An assessment of potential exposure for aid workers. Health Physics 82(4):467-472.

NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk assessment in the federal government: Managing the process. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

———. 1994. Science and judgment in risk assessment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

———. 2006. Health risks from exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation: BEIRVII phase 2. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

———. 2008. Review of toxicologic and radiologic risks to military personnel from exposure to depleted uranium during and after combat. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Oeh, U., N. D. Priest, P. Roth, K. V. Ragnarsdottir, W. B. Li, V. Hollriegl, M. F. Thirlwall, B. Michalke, A. Giussani, P. Schramel, and H. G. Paretzke. 2007. Measurements of daily urinary uranium excretion in German peacekeeping personnel and residents of the Kosovo region to assess potential intakes of depleted uranium (DU). Science of the Total Environment 381(1-3):77-87.

Roth, P., V. Hollriegl, E. Werner, and P. Schramel. 2003. Assessment of exposure to depleted uranium. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 105(1-4):157-161.

Royal Society. 2001. The health hazards of depleted uranium munitions: Part I. London, UK: The Royal Society Working Group on the Health Hazards of Depleted Uranium Munitions.

Sztajnkrycer, M. D., and E. J. Otten. 2004. Chemical and radiological toxicity of depleted uranium. Military Medicine 169(3):212-216.

USACHPPM (US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine). 2004. Capstone report: Depleted uranium aerosol doses and risks: Summary of U.S. Assessments. Fort Belvoir, VA: US Army Heavy Metals Office, Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Report of the world health organization depleted uranium mission to Kosovo. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Wrenn, M. E., P. W. Durbin, B. Howard, J. Lipsztein, J. Rundo, E. T. Still, and D. L. Willis. 1985. Metabolism of ingested U and Ra. Health Physics 48(5):601-633.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement