The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted Uranium
Stevens, W., F. W. Bruenger, D. R. Atherton, J. M. Smith, and G. N. Taylor. 1980. The distribution and retention of hexavalent 233U in the beagle. Radiation Research 83(1):109-126.
Stopps, G. J., and M. Todd. 1982. The chemical toxicity of uranium with special reference to effectson the kidney and the use of urine for biological monitoring. Ottawa, Canada: Atomic Energy Control Board.
Thiebault, C., M. Carriere, S. Milgram, A. Simon, L. Avoscan, and B. Gouget. 2007. Uranium induces apoptosis and is genotoxic to normal rat kidney (NRK-52E) proximal cells. Toxicological Sciences 98(2):479-487.
Thorne, M. C. 2003. Estimation of animal transfer factors for radioactive isotopes of iodine, technetium, selenium and uranium. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 70(1-2):3-20.
Thun, M. J., D. B. Baker, K. Steenland, A. B. Smith, W. Halperin, and T. Berl. 1985. Renal toxicity in uranium mill workers. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 11(2):83-90.
Ting, B. G., D. C. Paschal, J. M. Jarrett, J. L. Pirkle, R. J. Jackson, E. J. Sampson, D. T. Miller, and S. P. Caudill. 1999. Uranium and thorium in urine of United States residents: Reference range concentrations. Environmental Research 81(1):45-51.
Tissandie, E., Y. Gueguen, J. M. Lobaccaro, F. Paquet, J. Aigueperse, and M. Souidi. 2006. Effects of depleted uranium after short-term exposure on vitamin D metabolism in rat. Archives ofToxicology 80(8):473-480.
Tissandie, E., Y. Gueguen, J. M. Lobaccaro, L. Grandcolas, P. Voisin, J. Aigueperse, P. Gourmelon, and M. Souidi. 2007. In vivo effects of chronic contamination with depleted uranium on vitamin D3 metabolism in rat. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1770(2):266-272.
Tracy, B. L., J. M. Quinn, J. Lahey, A. P. Gilman, K. Mancuso, A. P. Yagminas, and D. C. Villeneuve. 1992. Absorption and retention of uranium from drinking water by rats and rabbits. HealthPhysics 62(1):65-73.
Tymen, H., P. Gerasimo, and D. Hoffschir. 2000. Contamination and decontamination of rat and human skin with plutonium and uranium, studied with a Franz’s chamber. International Journalof Radiation Biology 76(10):1417-1424.
Ubios, A. M., M. B. Guglielmotti, and R. L. Cabrini. 1990. Ethane 1-hydroxy-1, 1-diphosphonate (EHDP) counteracts the inhibitory effect of uranyl nitrate on bone formation. Archives of Environmental Health 45(6):374-377.
Ubios, A. M., E. M. Braun, and R. L. Cabrini. 1998. Effect of biphosphonates on abnormal mandibular growth of rats intoxicated with uranium. Health Physics 75(6):610-613.
USACHPPM (U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine). 2004. Capstonereport: Depleted uranium aerosol doses and risks: Summary of U.S. Assessments. Fort Belvoir, VA: US Army Heavy Metals Office, Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center.
Voegtlin, C., and H. C. Hodge. 1949. Pharmacology and toxicity of uranium compounds. Vol. 1. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Wan, B., J. T. Fleming, T. W. Schultz, and G. S. Sayler. 2006. In vitro immune toxicity of depleted uranium: Effects on murine macrophages, CD4+ T cells, and gene expression profiles. Environmental Health Perspectives 114(1):85-91.
Wise, S. S., W. D. Thompson, A. M. Aboueissa, M. D. Mason, and J. P. Wise, Sr. 2007. Particulate depleted uranium is cytotoxic and clastogenic to human lung cells. Chemical Research in Toxicology 20(5):815-820.
Yazzie, M., S. L. Gamble, E. R. Civitello, and D. M. Stearns. 2003. Uranyl acetate causes DNA single strand breaks in vitro in the presence of ascorbate (vitamin C). Chemical Research inToxicology 16(4):524-530.