light their major components and the largest opportunities for cost reductions. The chapter also includes a discussion of the costs of desalination relative to other water supply alternatives.

  • The practical aspects of implementation for water providers are described in Chapter 7, including regulatory concerns, public perception, and financing.

  • In Chapter 8, the committee presents two long-term goals for advancing desalination technology and develops a national research agenda to address these goals. Recommendations are offered on the implementation of this proposed research agenda, including an estimate of the federal resources necessary to support it.

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