. "Trends in Basic Sciences in Contemporary Iran: Growth and Structure of Mainstream Basic Sciences--Shapour Etemad and Yousef Sobouti." Science and Technology and the Future Development of Societies: International Workshop Proceedings. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2008.
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Science and Technology and the Future Development of Societies: International Workshop Proceedings
FIGURE 4b Research performance of top 10 universities of Iran, annual ISI papers per faculty member, 2003.
Figure 5 gives Iran’s performance in basic sciences over the period 2001–2005. The doubling time in some cases is even shorter than five years. This raises the hope that Iran seems to have reached the threshold of self-sustainability and is capable of creating its own knowledge that leads to intensive industries and businesses.
Nevertheless, Iran’s position compared with that of South Korea and Turkey shows that the country has a long road ahead. In 2005, Iran’s scientific production was behind that of Turkey by a factor of 3 and behind that of South Korea by a factor of 5.5. Turkey and Iran have considerable demographic indices in common. Comparison with South Korea becomes meaningful if one considers that both are among the emerging nations on the world scene of science and technology.