Andrew W. Shouse (Senior Program Officer) is a staff member of the Board on Science Education. He codirected the study that produced the 2007 report Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8. He also serves as study director for the Learning Science K-8 Practitioner Volume, a “translation” of Taking Science to School. He is an education researcher and policy analyst whose interests include teacher development, science education in formal and informal settings, and communication of education research to policy and practice audiences. Prior to joining the National Research Council, he worked as an education research and evaluation consultant, science center administrator, and elementary and middle grade teacher. He has a Ph.D. in curriculum, teaching, and educational policy from Michigan State University.

Brian K. Smith is associate professor of information sciences and technology and education at the Pennsylvania State University. He studies the use of computation to support and augment human performance and learning. Examples of his work include video annotation systems for biology education, cameras equipped with global positioning systems and image databases for history education, and interventions around photography and computer visualizations to promote awareness of personal health practices. Current projects are under way to explore information design for informal, everyday decision making. Previously he was on the faculty of the Media Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he led a research consortium of 20 collaborating corporations to define new methods for information description, design, and dissemination. He is currently the principal investigator of the medical informatics research initiative in the College of Information Sciences and Technology at Penn State and the research director of its involvement in Apple Computer’s Digital Campus Initiative. He received a Faculty Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation in 2000 to begin a research agenda around visual learning. He received the Jan Hawkins Award for early career contributions to humanistic research and scholarship in learning technologies from the American Education Research Association in 2004. Apple Computer also named him an Apple Distinguished Educator in 2004. He has a B.S. in computer science and engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. in learning sciences from Northwestern University.

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