“Doing” science, while engaging in scientific reasoning, 141143, 275276

Drawing tasks, 65

E

Earth & Sky, 253254

Ecological framework for understanding learning across places and pursuits, 3141

critical issues, 41

culture-centered lens, 3841

people-centered lens, 3436

place-centered lens, 3638

Education policy, federal, 13

Educational broadcast media, 251257

Educational theories diagram, 38

Elderhostel programs, 12, 48

Emergence of science learning in informal environments, 1418

Emotional engagement, 13

Engineering design process, 4445

Environments. See Designed environments;

Digital environments;

Learning science in informal environments;

Rural environments;

Urban environments

Epistemologies

indigenous, 225

practical, 6970

Equity. See Culture and equity;

Diversity and equity

Ethical issues, 323

Evaluators, 54

recommendations for practice and research for, 309310

Everyday and family learning activities, 23, 93116, 293

about science, 4748

conclusion, 115116

media in venues and configurations for, 264267

sample parent-child incidental science conversation, 100

settings for everyday learning, 9597

structuring, 49

what is learned in, 99115

who learns in everyday settings, 9799

Evidences of science learning, in out-of-school/time programs, 174187, 294, 303

Excitement, in developing interest in science, 100, 130131

Exhibit Commons, 72

Exhibit designers, recommendations for, 6, 307308

ExhibitFiles, 72

Experiences

in informal science learning environments, 1112

opportunistic, 95

prior, while identifying with the scientific enterprise, 156157

Explanation while engaging in scientific reasoning, 143144

“Explanatoids,” 149

Explora, a program for older adults, 199

Exploratorium, 16

Expositions, 15

F

Failure, 68

Family learning, 3233.

See also Everyday and family learning activities

Family values, reinforcing, 154

Federal Communications Commission, 251

Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology, 15

Federation of American Sciences, 263

Feedback mechanisms, 72

Field trips for learning in designed spaces, 132135

active participation in museum activities, 133

advance preparation, 132133

involvement by teachers and chaperones, 133134

reinforcement after the field trip, 134135

Fifth Dimension after-school program, for learning science, 184, 186187

Film

giant screen, 259260

popular, 257259

Framework for Evaluating Impacts of Informal Science Education Projects, 17

Frameworks

conclusions and recommendations on moving toward common, 304306, 309310

need for common, 1820

Franklin, Benjamin, 45



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