challenging issues that arise when considering intellectual property. For example, to what extent should a researcher or an institution benefit from intellectual property? How should the rewards from intellectual property rights be shared among established researchers, beginning researchers, and research technicians? Can researchers take original data with them when they leave an institution? Generally, institutions own the data generated by a researcher, but contracts between researchers and their institutions typically specify the details of the arrangement, and researchers generally are entitled to a copy of the data they have generated. Furthermore, new laws, regulations, and policies continue to influence intellectual property rights, with important implications for researchers.

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