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TABLE 1 University Researchers in Japan (as of the end of March 2005)

 

Total Number (Thousands of Persons)

Natural Sciences and Engineering (Thousands of Persons)

Social Sciences and Humanities (Thousands of Persons)

National Universities

134

104

30

Public Universities

22

17

5

Private Universities

135

70

65

Total

291

190

101

SOURCE: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Report on the Survey of Research and Development 2004, 2005.

1.2
Research Expenditure in Universities

The three types of universities differ significantly in the source of their research funding and in the emphasis of their research. (See Table 2.)

Looking at the breakdown of research expenditures, the ratio of labor costs (Jinkenhi) to the total is shown in Table 2. In the field of social sciences and humanities, the labor cost ratio was high throughout all three categories of universities. In natural sciences and engineering, the ratios in private and public universities were comparatively high, while the ratio in national universities was low. It can thus be said that national universities have the strongest presence in Japan’s university research in terms of research expenditure especially in natural sciences and engineering.

TABLE 2 Use of Research Expenditure in Universities in Japan

 

Total (Billions of Yen)

Natural Sciences and Engineering (Billions of Yen)

Social Sciences and Humanities (Billions of Yen)

Intramural Expenditure

Intramural Expenditure

Labor Cost Ratio (%)

Self-funding Ratio (%)

Intramural Expenditure

Labor Cost Ratio (%)

Self-funding Ratio (%)

National Universities

1,368

1,114

54.5

75.1

254

77.2

90.4

Public Universities

188

137

70.1

88.8

51

85.2

97.7

Private Universities

1,718

796

64.7

86.1

921

76.

92.8

Total

3,274

2,048

59.5

80.3

1,226

76.7

92.5

SOURCE: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Report on the Survey of Research and Development 2004, 2005.



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