for Global Programs, Research and Field Support, where she headed the Center for Economic Growth and Agricultural Development. From 1994 to 1997, Simmons was senior program officer for USAID’s mission in Moscow where she oversaw an aid portfolio of more than $1 billion. From 1991 to 1994, she served in USAID’s regional office for east and southern Africa as supervisory program economist. Simmons also has served as supervisory agricultural officer for Mali and as regional agricultural advisor for West Africa, in addition to holding a number of supervisory positions in the Africa Bureau in USAID’s Washington headquarters. She received her B.S. from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; her M.S. in Agricultural Economics from Cornell University.

MATHEW ARNOLD is a co-founder of Sustainable Finance Ltd. He assists financial institutions and investors in understanding and managing environmental and social risks, and helps them identify environmentally superior investment opportunities. His current clients include Citigroup, JP Morgan Chase, LaSalle Bank, and the Global Environment Fund, a private equity investment company dedicated to environmental investments. He was Chief Operating Officer at the World Resources Institute, a sustainable development think tank. As COO, he was responsible for 140 employees, a $20-million budget and a $45-million endowment. He has served as an advisor on environmental and sustainability strategy for several other multinational corporations including DuPont, where he helped develop the organization’s sustainable growth strategy, and BP, where he helped business unit leaders to align with the company’s post-Amoco merger focus on greening the brand. In 1990, he founded the Management Institute for Environment and Business (MEB) to help business schools and corporations integrate environmental issues into business strategy. In 1996, MEB merged with the World Resources Institute. Prior to 1990, he held positions in marketing with IBM, in investment banking with Merrill Lynch Capital Markets, and in business development with Santa Fe Trading, Hong Kong. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Forest Trends, a market maker for ecosystem services. He holds an AB degree in Psychobiology from Harvard College, an M.A. in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins University, and an M.B.A. from the Harvard Business School.

ARDEN L. BEMENT, JR. (NAE), Director, National Science Foundation, joined NSF from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, where he had been director since 2001. As head of NIST, he oversaw an agency with an annual budget of about $773 million and an onsite research and administrative staff of about 3,000. Bement previously served as the David A. Ross Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering and head of the School of Nuclear Engineering at Purdue University. He has held appointments at Purdue University in the schools of Nuclear Engineering, Materials Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, as well as a courtesy appointment in the Krannert School

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