B
Committee and Staff Biographical Information

GEORGE A. PAULIKAS, Chair, has been at the forefront of advances in space science and space systems, and he has made many technical contributions to the development of national security space systems. He retired after 37 years at Aerospace Corporation, having joined Aerospace in 1961 as a member of the technical staff and later becoming department head, laboratory director, vice president, and senior vice president. He became executive vice president in 1992. His contributions to space science and the development of national security space systems have been recognized by Aerospace Corporation, U.S. Air Force, and the National Reconnaissance Office. Dr. Paulikas is a past vice-chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Space Studies Board. He has also served on a number of NRC study committees, including the Committee on the Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon (chair), the Committee on an Assessment of Balance in NASA’s Science Programs (vice-chair), the Committee on the Scientific Context for Space Exploration, the Committee on Systems Integration for Project Constellation, the Workshop Committee on Issues and Opportunities Regarding the Future of the U.S. Space Program, and the Committee to Review the NASA Earth Science Enterprise Strategic Plan.


KATHRYN C. THORNTON, Vice Chair, is a professor in the Department of Science, Technology and Society, and in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Virginia. She is also associate dean for graduate programs in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. Dr. Thornton has extensive human spaceflight experience and served for 12 years as a NASA astronaut, flying on four shuttle missions and performing extravehicular activities (i.e., spacewalks) on two of them. Dr. Thornton served on the NRC Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Committee for Technological Literacy, and the Committee on Meeting the Workforce Needs for the National Vision for Space Exploration, and served as co-chair of the Stanford University/Planetary Society Workshop on Examining the Vision: Balancing Science and Exploration.


CLAUDIA ALEXANDER is the project manager and project scientist for NASA in the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission to study comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Her research focuses on the evolution and interior physics of comets, Jupiter and its moons, magnetospheres, plate tectonics, space plasma, the discontinuities and expansion of solar wind, and the planet Venus. Previously, she was a science representative on the Galileo mission to Jupiter. She is a member of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Association for Women Geoscientists, and she was awarded the 2003 Emerald Honor for Women of Color in Research and Engineering by the Career Communications Group. Dr. Alexander has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Distributed Small Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop.


STEVEN V.W. BECKWITH is the vice president for research and graduate studies for the University of California System. He is a former professor of physics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University and the former director of the Space Telescope Science Institute. Previously, he was managing director of the Max-Planck Institut fur Astronomie. His principal research interests are the formation and early evolution of planets, including those outside the solar system, and the birth of galaxies in the early universe. Dr. Beckwith served as chair of the NRC Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space.



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B Committee and Staff Biographical Information GEORGE A. PAULIKAS, Chair, has been at the forefront of advances in space science and space systems, and he has made many technical contributions to the development of national security space systems. He retired after 37 years at Aerospace Corporation, having joined Aerospace in 1961 as a member of the technical staff and later becoming department head, laboratory director, vice president, and senior vice president. He became executive vice president in 1992. His contributions to space science and the development of national security space systems have been recognized by Aerospace Corporation, U.S. Air Force, and the National Reconnaissance Office. Dr. Paulikas is a past vice-chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Space Studies Board. He has also served on a number of NRC study committees, including the Committee on the Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon (chair), the Committee on an Assessment of Balance in NASA’s Science Programs (vice-chair), the Committee on the Scientific Context for Space Exploration, the Committee on Systems Integration for Project Constellation, the Workshop Committee on Issues and Opportunities Regarding the Future of the U.S. Space Program, and the Committee to Review the NASA Earth Science Enterprise Strategic Plan. KATHRYN C. THORNTON, Vice Chair, is a professor in the Department of Science, Technology and Society, and in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Virginia. She is also associate dean for graduate programs in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. Dr. Thornton has extensive human spaceflight experience and served for 12 years as a NASA astronaut, flying on four shuttle missions and performing extravehicular activities (i.e., spacewalks) on two of them. Dr. Thornton served on the NRC Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Committee for Technological Literacy, and the Committee on Meeting the Workforce Needs for the National Vision for Space Exploration, and served as co-chair of the Stanford University/Planetary Society Workshop on Examining the Vision: Balancing Science and Exploration. CLAUDIA ALEXANDER is the project manager and project scientist for NASA in the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission to study comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Her research focuses on the evolution and interior physics of comets, Jupiter and its moons, magnetospheres, plate tectonics, space plasma, the discontinuities and expansion of solar wind, and the planet Venus. Previously, she was a science representative on the Galileo mission to Jupiter. She is a member of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Association for Women Geoscientists, and she was awarded the 2003 Emerald Honor for Women of Color in Research and Engineering by the Career Communications Group. Dr. Alexander has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Distributed Small Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop. STEVEN V.W. BECKWITH is the vice president for research and graduate studies for the University of California System. He is a former professor of physics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University and the former director of the Space Telescope Science Institute. Previously, he was managing director of the Max-Planck Institut fur Astronomie. His principal research interests are the formation and early evolution of planets, including those outside the solar system, and the birth of galaxies in the early universe. Dr. Beckwith served as chair of the NRC Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space. 53

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MARK A. BROSMER is general manager of the Launch and Satellite Control Division at Aerospace Corporation, where he is responsible for Aerospace’s support to the Air Force Satellite Control Network and Spacelift Range. He is responsible for launch operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Vandenberg Air Force Base. He joined Aerospace Corporation in 1985 as a member of the technical staff in the Thermal Control Department of the Engineering and Technology Group. He transferred to the Fluid Mechanics Department in 1987. He has since held several positions, including manager of the Launch Vehicle Thermal Department, Engineering and Technology Group and project engineer for the system integration and launch readiness of the Titan IV Solid Rocket Motor Upgrade. He joined the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Program in 1996 as a senior project engineer, serving as Aerospace’s IPT lead for systems engineering and integration for the Delta IV launch system. In 1998 he was promoted to systems director for Delta IV development, and in 2001 he was promoted to principal director of Delta IV. While supporting the EELV Program, he provided technical leadership from the early development phase and source selection process through the eight inaugural launches of the Delta IV, including the first operational launches of the medium-, intermediate-, and heavy-lift configurations. JOSEPH BURNS is the Irving Porter Church Professor of Engineering, professor of astronomy, and vice provost for physical sciences and engineering at Cornell University. He is heavily involved with the imaging team on the Cassini mission around Saturn. Dr. Burns’s current research concerns planetary rings and the small bodies of the solar system (dust, satellites, comets, and asteroids). He is the president of the International Astronomical Union’s (IAU’s) commission on celestial mechanics and dynamical astronomy. Dr. Burns is a fellow of the AGU and the AAAS, a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, and a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 he received the DPS’s Masursky Prize. Dr. Burns previously served as a member of the NRC Committee on a New Science Strategy for Solar System Exploration. CYNTHIA CATTELL is a professor of physics in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Minnesota. She is a fellow of the AGU. She is an author on more than 130 refereed journal articles and a co-author of the Auroral Plasma Physics book (ISSI). She is a co-investigator on Polar, Cluster, FAST, STEREO, and RBSP and a principal investigator on the AMPS mission study. She has been a member of various advisory committees, including the NRC Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research, the NRC Plasma Sciences Committee, the NASA Sun-Earth-Connection Advisory Subcommittee, and the SSSC Roadmap Committee. She was the chair of the 2003 NASA Plasma Sails Working Group and a member of the Advisory Committee to the UCLA Basic Plasma Science Facility. She has also served on the science definition teams for a number of missions, including the Mercury Dual Orbiter and the Grand Tour Cluster. She is a member of the Physics Force, a team performing large-scale “physics circus” shows for K-12 schools and the general public throughout Minnesota and the upper Midwest. ALAN DELAMERE is a retired senior engineer and program manager at Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation. He is currently involved as co-investigator on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter High Resolution Imaging Science Instrument and on the Deep Impact mission to Comet Tempel 1. Mr. Delamere has been involved in the Mars program since the 1980s. His expertise focuses on instrument building and mission design. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars and the Committee on New Opportunities in Solar System Exploration. MARGARET FINARELLI is a senior fellow in the Center for Aerospace Policy Research at George Mason University (GMU). Ms. Finarelli’s earlier career with NASA and other U.S. government agencies focused on strategy development and negotiations in the fields of domestic space policy and international relations in science and technology. At NASA, she served as associate administrator for policy coordination and international relations. She was responsible for developing the international partnerships in the International Space Station program, and she led the U.S. team conducting the international negotiations that resulted in the agreements governing NASA’s cooperation with Europe, 54

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Japan, and Canada. As the International Space University’s vice president for North American Operations, she was responsible for strategic partnerships and business development in the United States for the Strasbourg, France-based international university. TODD GARY is the director of the Institute for Understanding Biological Systems (IUBS) at Tennessee State University, where he leads research efforts in astrobiology. He is also the co-director of the Minority Institute Astrobiology Collaborative, the principal investigator on the NASA Astrobiology Institute Minority Institution Research Support (MIRS) program, a member of the NASA Astrobiology Institute Astrovirology focus group, and part of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center education and public outreach team for the Mars Science Laboratory. He was the first candidate chosen for a faculty fellowship in astrobiology by the NASA Astrobiology Institute MIRS program and completed his fellowship in astrobiology at UCLA. Part of his work centers on the integration of research on viruses in extreme environments and extrasolar planet detection into educational settings. He is the principal investigator on several NSF and NASA programs developing national astrobiology research and education opportunities within Native American, African American, and Hispanic communities. He received his Ph.D. in molecular biology from Vanderbilt University, where he published one of the first studies on how viruses evolve at the DNA level, and he completed a 2-year research fellowship within the Center for Space Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. STEVEN HOWELL is an associate astronomer and assistant director of the WIYN observatory at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory in Tucson. He has held previous jobs as a faculty member, NASA center scientist, and physics researcher. Dr. Howell has more than 20 years of teaching and research experience with research interests in interacting binaries, extrasolar planets, wide-field photometric surveys, and two-dimensional digital detector instrumentation. Dr. Howell’s space mission experience includes work building and using astrophysics experiments flown on the space shuttle, service as a member of the Galileo spacecraft solid-state imager team, and participation as a guest observer on essentially every NASA astrophysics mission flown in the past 25 years. He was an advisor on the design and operation of the imagers flown on the Cassini and Deep Impact missions, and he chaired the science advisory committee for the NASA EUVE spacecraft. Dr. Howell regularly serves on NASA and NSF oversight and review panels, referees journal articles for numerous publications, and is currently a science team member on the NASA Kepler Discovery mission slated for launch in February 2009. ARLO LANDOLT is the Ball Family Professor Emeritus of Physics and Astronomy in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, where he has taught since 1962. He served as the director of the Louisiana State University Observatory from 1970 to 1988, and also served as a program director in the astronomy section of the National Science Foundation. He served as the secretary of the American Astronomical Society. Dr. Landolt has served on several NRC committees, including the U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union; the U.S. Delegation to the 25th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union; and as a delegate to the 23rd General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union in Kyoto, Japan. FRANK MARTIN has worked for 4-D Systems since October 2002, with a major focus of his work on improving the performance of NASA teams. He is also the president of Martin Consulting, Inc. providing services to aerospace projects. His long career with NASA and with Lockheed Martin includes Apollo Science Operations; director, Astrophysics; Goddard’s director for space and Earth science; deputy associate administrator, Space Station; associate administrator, Human Exploration, and director, Civil Space, for Lockheed Martin with responsibility for the Hubble Servicing Missions, Space Infrared Telescope Facility, Lunar Prospector, and Gravity Probe-B. He resigned from NASA in 1990 and retired from Lockheed Martin in 2001. He received the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal; the Exceptional Service Medal; and the presidential ranks of Distinguished Executive and Meritorious Executive. He also served on the NRC Committee on Advanced Concepts. 55

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SPENCER R. TITLEY is a professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Arizona. He previously worked on NASA’s Lunar Orbiter program and was also a member of the Apollo Field Geology Investigation Team, serving on Apollo missions 16 and 17. His current research involves the study of the origin of mineral deposits and the distribution and location of mineral and mineral fuel resources. His research has also included the study of chemical baselines of trace elements in rocks and ores for environmental purposes. Dr. Titley is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He previously served on the NRC Committee on the Assessment of Solar System Exploration. CARL WUNSCH is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physical Oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research focuses on ocean observing technologies and on the general circulation of the ocean and its implications for climate change. Dr. Wunsch has chaired a number of ocean science advisory groups, such as the NRC Ocean Studies Board and the International Steering Group for the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a foreign member of the Royal Society, and a recipient of the AGU’s Macelwane Award and Bowie Medal, and the American Meteorological Society’s Henry Stommel Medal. Staff DWAYNE A. DAY, Study Director, has a Ph.D. in political science from the George Washington University and has previously served as an investigator for the Columbia Accident Investigation Board. He was on the staff of the Congressional Budget Office and also worked for the Space Policy Institute at the George Washington University. He has held Guggenheim and Verville fellowships and is an associate editor of the German spaceflight magazine Raumfahrt Concrete, in addition to writing for such publications as Novosti Kosmonavtiki (Russia), Spaceflight, and Space Chronicle (United Kingdom). He has served as study director for several NRC reports, including Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration (2006), Grading NASA's Solar System Exploration Program: A Midterm Review (2008), and Opening New Frontiers in Space: Choices for the Next New Frontiers Announcement of Opportunity (2008). VICTORIA SWISHER joined the Space Studies Board in December 2006 as a research associate. She recently received a B.A. in astronomy from Swarthmore College. She has presented the results of her research at the 2005 and 2006 AAS meetings and at various Keck Northeast Astronomy Consortium (KNAC) undergraduate research conferences. Her most recent research focused on laboratory astrophysics and involved studying the x rays of plasma, culminating in a senior thesis entitled “Modeling UV and X-ray Spectra from the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment.” CATHERINE A. GRUBER is an assistant editor with the Space Studies Board. She joined SSB as a senior program assistant in 1995. Ms. Gruber first came to the NRC in 1988. She was a research assistant (chemist) in the National Institute of Mental Health’s Laboratory of Cell Biology for 2 years. She has a B.A. in natural science from St. Mary’s College of Maryland. RODNEY N. HOWARD joined the Space Studies Board as a senior project assistant in 2002. Before joining SSB, most of his vocational life was spent in the health profession⎯as a pharmacy technologist at Doctor’s Hospital in Lanham, Maryland, and as an interim center administrator at the Concentra Medical Center in Jessup, Maryland. During that time, he participated in a number of Quality Circle Initiatives that were designed to improve relations between management and staff. Mr. Howard obtained his B.A. in communications from the University of Baltimore County in 1983. He plans to begin coursework next year for his master’s degree in business administration. 56