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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review Biographical Sketches of Panel Members Samuel H. Preston (Chair) is Fredrick J. Warren professor of demography at the University of Pennsylvania. His principal research efforts have been directed toward issues of technical demography, measurement of demographic phenomena, and patterns of human mortality. His expertise and competency lie in actuarial mathematics, statistics, vital statistics, aging, epidemiology, demography, and population sociology. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine (IOM), and the American Philosophical Society. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and the American Statistical Association (ASA). He was named laureate of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. He has served on several National Academies committees and is currently a member of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) and the Committee on the Social Determinants of Adult Health and Mortality. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University. Ellen Wright Clayton is Rosalind E. Franklin professor of genetics and health policy and co-director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, as well as a professor of pediatrics and a professor of law at Vanderbilt University. Her research and teaching include the ethical, legal, and social implications of developments in genetics. She has been an active participant in policy debates advising the National Human Genomic Research Institute as well as numerous other federal and international bodies on an array of topics, ranging from issues in children’s health, including newborn screen-
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review ing, to the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects. She has published two books and numerous scholarly articles and chapters in medical journals, interdisciplinary journals, and law journals on the intersection of law, medicine, and public health. In addition, she has collaborated with faculty in the law and medical schools and the College of Arts and Sciences on interdisciplinary research projects. A frequent teacher and public speaker on medical ethics and other issues, she is currently developing the Law Emphasis Program in the Vanderbilt University Medical School. In addition to teaching in Vanderbilt University’s law and medical schools, she is a practicing pediatrician at Vanderbilt Medical Center. Clayton is a member of the IOM and previously served on the IOM Committee on Assessing Interactions Among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health and the IOM Board on Health Sciences Policy; she currently chairs the IOM Committee on a Comprehensive Review of the DHHS Office of Family Planning Title X Program. She has a J.D. from Yale University and an M.D. from Harvard University. Greg Duncan is Edwina S. Tarry professor in the School of Education and Social Policy, Institute for Policy Research, and faculty fellow in the Institute for Poverty Research at Northwestern University. His research interests are primarily in longitudinal survey research that examines the nature and consequences of poverty and welfare dynamics; neighborhood effects on the development of children and adolescents and other issues involving welfare reform, income distribution, and its consequences for children and adults; and intergenerational consequences on children and adolescents of life in a family using welfare. His current research include dynamic aspects of the incidence of poverty among children and other population groups, the heterogeneous mixture of short- and long-term poverty experiences, the apparent vulnerability of a large segment of American society to at least occasional poverty spells, and the concentration of persistent poverty among certain population subgroups, in particular African Americans. He has served on several committees of the National Academies, including the NRC-IOM Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development. He was cochair of the NRC-IOM Committee on Evaluation of Children’s Health: Measures of Risks, Protective and Promotional Factors for Assessing Child Health in the Community. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan. David Harrington is professor of biostatistics in the School of Public Health at Harvard University and chair of the Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. He served as principal investigator of the Statistical Center for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group from 1990 to 2000. He conducts research on statisti-
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review cal methods for clinical trials and prospective cohort studies in which the time to an event is a primary outcome. He is also involved in collaborative research on cancer as principal investigator of the Statistical Coordinating Center for the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium. This study is a network of sites around the country, conducting a population-based study of access to and outcomes from cancer care, with special focus on disparities in ethnic subgroups and in the elderly. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Maryland. Russ Hauser is associate professor of environmental and occupational epidemiology with joint appointments in the Department of Environmental Health and the Department of Epidemiology at Harvard University. His research interests are in the field of reproductive and developmental epidemiology, focusing on the impact of environmental and occupational chemicals on fertility and pregnancy. He is currently conducting a study on the effects of chemicals classified as endocrine disruptors on male and female reproductive health endpoints. He is also conducting a prospective cohort study on children in Chapaevsk, Russia, where he is investigating the relationship of exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds with growth and pubertal development and planning to follow these children to adulthood. Other research activities include studying the relationship between maternal exposure to phthalates and fetal growth and placental function. He served on the IOM Committee on Gulf War and Health. He has an M.D. from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and M.P.H. and Sc.D. degrees from the Harvard School of Public Health. William Kalsbeek is professor of biostatistics and director of the Survey Research Unit at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. His experience includes statistical research with the Office of Research and Methodology at the National Center for Health Statistics and at the Sampling Research and Design Center at the Research Triangle Institute in North Carolina. His research interests and areas of expertise are in biostatistics, sample design and research, spinal cord injuries, and assessment. He is well known for his work in survey methods. He is a fellow of the ASA and a member of the American Association of Public Opinion Research and the American Public Health Association. He was a member of the NRC’s CNSTAT from 1998 to 2004 and has served as chair of the Panel on Measuring Respirator Use in the Workplace and cochair of the Oversight Committee for the Workshop on Survey Automation. He was a member of the Committee on Sampling Methodologies, the Committee to Review the Social Security Administration’s Disability Decision Process Research, and the Panel on the National Health Care Survey. He has M.P.H. and Ph.D. degrees in biostatistics from the University of Michigan.
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review Sharon Lee Reilly Kardia is director of the Public Health Genetic Program and associate professor of epidemiology in the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan. She is also the co-director of the Michigan Center for Genomics and Public Health, and co-director of the Life Sciences Society Program housed in the University of Michigan, School of Public Health. Her main research interests are in the genomic epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. She is interested in gene-environment and gene-gene interactions and in modeling and in complex relationships between genetic variation, environmental variation, and risk of common chronic diseases. Her work also includes using gene expression and proteomic profiles for molecular classification of tumors and survival analysis in lung and ovarian cancers. As part of her center activity, she is also actively working on moving genetics into chronic disease programs in state departments of health. Kardia has served on IOM and NRC committees, most recently on the IOM Committee on Assessing Interactions among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health. She is currently a member of the Committee on Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and the IOM Roundtable on Translating Genomic-based Research on Health. She has a Ph.D. in human genetics from the University of Michigan, was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology and continued postdoctoral work in the Department of Human Genetics. Daniel Kasprzyk is vice president and managing director of surveys and statistics at Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. He is responsible for overseeing the company’s statistical staff and the Washington, DC, survey research staff in Mathematica’s Survey and Information Services Division. He is project director for statistical consultation projects that assist the Energy Information Administration, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Internal Revenue Service. He has 30 years’ experience managing large-scale sample surveys and carrying out methodological research associated with federal survey programs. He has held various positions on the Survey of Income and Program Participation staff at the Census Bureau. Prior to his current position, he was program director of the elementary and secondary sample survey studies program at the National Center for Education Statistics, where he was responsible for the Schools and Staffing Survey system. He served as the U.S. Department of Education’s liaison to the NRC Panel on Estimates of Poverty for Small Geographic Areas. He also chaired the ASA Section on Survey Research Methods as well as serving as officer for the Government Statistics and Social Statistics Sections of the ASA and for the Washington Statistical Society, a chapter of the ASA. He served for 20 years on the Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology. He is an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, a fellow
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review of the ASA, and served as vice president of the ASA. He currently serves as an associate editor for the Journal of Official Statistics. He has a Ph.D. in mathematical statistics from the George Washington University. Milton Kotelchuck is professor and chair emeritus of the Maternal and Child Health Department at Boston University School of Public Health and professor of pediatrics and obstetrics/gynecology at Boston University Medical School. He has extensive experience evaluating public health programs to improve birth outcomes and child health status. His research interests include examination of the adequacy and content of prenatal care, racial disparities in birth outcomes, maternal morbidity, immigrant health, child health services, and health data policy. He developed the widely used Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index. Currently, he is principal investigator of the Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal Database project. He serves on numerous national committees to improve perinatal and child health services, including chairman of the Technical Expert Panel on Evaluation of Healthy Start. Previously, he served as director of the Division of Health Statistics and Research and then assistant commissioner for community health services in the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and was a member of the Massachusetts and North Carolina governors’ commissions on the reduction of infant mortality. He is the founding and senior editor of the Maternal and Child Health Journal and in 2000 was awarded its first national epidemiology award for “advancing knowledge.” He has an M.P.H. in maternal and child health and epidemiology and a Ph.D. in personality and developmental psychology from Harvard University. Marie C. McCormick is Sumner and Esther Feldberg professor of maternal and child health in the Department of Society, Human Development, and Health in the Harvard School of Public Health. She is also professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and senior associate director of the Infant Follow-up Program at Children’s Hospital. She was formerly chair of the Department of Maternal and Child Health. Her research involves epidemiological and health services research investigations in areas related to infant mortality and the outcomes of high-risk neonates. Her current research projects include outcomes of infants experiencing neonatal complications like low birth weight and interventions potentially ameliorating adverse outcomes; evaluation of programs designed to improve the health of families and children; and maternal health and prematurity. She has served on several IOM committees, most recently on the Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Health Outcomes. She was a member of the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice. She currently serves as a member of the NRC Committee on Developmental Outcomes and Assessments for Young Children. She is a member of the IOM. She
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review has an M.D. from the Johns Hopkins Medical School and a Sc.D. from the Bloomberg School of Public Health of Johns Hopkins University. Nora S. Newcombe is professor of psychology and James H. Glackin distinguished faculty fellow at Temple University. She is a nationally recognized expert on cognitive development and directs the Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center, a science of learning center. Her research interests include memory for early childhood, development of spatial cognition, individual differences in spatial ability, cognitive neuroscience related to these interests, and educational applications of these interests and of cognitive research more generally. She is the author of numerous scholarly chapters and articles on aspects of cognitive development and the author or editor of three books. She has served as editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General and as associate editor of Psychological Bulletin, as well as on numerous editorial boards and grant review panels. She is a fellow of four divisions of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the AAAS. She has been a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania and at Princeton University and a Cattell fellow. She is a past president of the Developmental Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association and president-elect of the Cognitive Development Society and of the Eastern Psychological Foundation. She has a Ph.D. in psychology and social relations from Harvard University. Patricia O’Campo is Alma and Baxter Ricard chair in inner city health and director of the Centre for Research on Inner City Health at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, professor at the University of Toronto, and adjunct professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. As a social epidemiologist she has been conducting research on the social determinants of health and well-being among women and children for over 18 years. She has focused on methods development as part of her research, including application of multilevel modeling to understand residential and workplace contexts on women’s and children’s health, the application of concept mapping to increase understanding of how residential neighborhoods influence well-being, and the development of monitoring methods for rare health events in small geographic areas. She has conducted a number of survey-based and longitudinal studies in the areas of the social determinants of adult mental health, intimate partner violence and children’s well-being as well as clinic- and community-based evaluations of programs concerning smoking cessation, prevention of perinatal transmission of HIV, and prevention of infant mortality. She has been widely recognized for her contributions to the well-being of women and children through the receipt of early and mid-career awards given by national organizations in the United States and serves on several local, federal, and international committees
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The National Children’s Study Research Plan: A Review and boards such as the Board of the Wellesley Institute in Toronto, the national Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System committee, and the national Canadian Institute for Health Research grant review panel on population health. She is a member of the NRC-IOM Board on Children, Youth, and Families. She has a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
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