FIGURE 7.4 Total annual costs of RD&D plus incremental costs of HFCVs over conventional vehicles up to the breakeven year for the Case 1 scenario.

TABLE 7.6 Summary of Cumulative Budget Roadmap Costs for Transition to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (maximum practicable number of vehicles by 2020)

Cost Elements

Total Cumulative Cost, 2008-2023

Average Cost per HFCV on Road 2008-2023a

“Base vehicle” cost of conventional vehicles

$128 billion

$23,000

Average incremental fuel cell vehicle cost relative to conventional gasoline vehicles

$40 billion

$7,000b

Total purchase cost of fuel cell vehicles

$168 billion

$30,000c

Infrastructure capital cost for hydrogen supply

$8 billion

$1,500

Total operating cost for hydrogen supply

$8 billion

$1,500

Total cost of hydrogen supply

$16 billion

$3,000

Total cost for vehicles and hydrogen fuel supply

$184 billion

$33,000

Estimated government share of total vehicle and hydrogen fuel supply cost

$50 billion

$8,500

Government RD&D funding

$5 billion

$1,000

Private RD&D funding

$11 billion

$2,000

Total funding for government and private RD&D

$16 billion

$3,000

Total cost for vehicles, hydrogen, and all RD&D

$200 billiond

$36,000

Estimated government share of total cost for vehicles, hydrogen, and RD&D

$55 billion

$9,500

aRounded estimates based on 5.54 million HFCVs on the road in 2023.

bThe final (learned-out) incremental cost per vehicle in 2023 is $3,600.

cThe final (learned-out) cost per vehicle in 2023 is $27,000.

dIncludes $128 billion “base vehicle” cost of conventional vehicles that would have been purchased instead of HFCVs.

NOTE: All costs in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.



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