Appendix D
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ABE acetone-butanol-ethanol

AEO Annual Energy Outlook

AER all-electric range

Cd coefficient of drag

CAFE corporate average fuel economy

CCS carbon capture and sequestration

CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide

CRP Conservation Reserve Program

CVA camless valve actuation

CVT continuously variable transmission

DME dimethyl ether

DNGR distributed natural gas reforming

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

DSMR distributed steam methane reforming

DWE distributed water electrolysis

EEG Renewable Energy Resources Act (Germany)

EIA Energy Information Administration

EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

EPACT Energy Policy Act of 2005

EV electric vehicle

FC fuel cell

FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

FCV fuel cell vehicle

GDI gasoline direct injection

GHG greenhouse gas

GIS geographic information system

GW gigawatt

HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition

HEV hybrid electric vehicle

HFC hydrofluorocarbon

HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle

HICEV hydrogen-powered ICEV

ICE internal combustion engine

ICEV internal combustion engine vehicle

IEA International Energy Agency

IGCC integrated gasification-combined cycle

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISO International Organization for Standardization

kWh kilowatt-hour

LCC life-cycle cost

LDV light-duty vehicle

LNG liquefied natural gas

MCFC molten carbonate fuel cell

MEA membrane electrode assembly

mpg miles per gallon

mpgge miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent

MPR maximum practicable rate of penetration

MTG methanol to gasoline

NEMS National Energy Modeling System

NOx nitrogen oxides

NRC National Research Council

OEM original equipment manufacturer

PEM proton exchange membrane

PFC perfluorocarbon

PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle

ppm parts per million

PTC production tax credit

PUC public utility commission

PV photovoltaic



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 125
appendix d acronyms and abbreviations ABE acetone-butanol-ethanol HFC hydrofluorocarbon AEO Annual Energy Outlook HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle AER all-electric range HICEV hydrogen-powered ICEV coefficient of drag ICE internal combustion engine Cd CAFE corporate average fuel economy ICEV internal combustion engine vehicle CCS carbon capture and sequestration IEA International Energy Agency CO carbon monoxide IGCC integrated gasification-combined cycle CO2 carbon dioxide IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change CRP Conservation Reserve Program ISO International Organization for Standardization CVA camless valve actuation CVT continuously variable transmission kWh kilowatt-hour DME dimethyl ether LCC life-cycle cost DNGR distributed natural gas reforming LDV light-duty vehicle DOE U.S. Department of Energy LNG liquefied natural gas DSMR distributed steam methane reforming DWE distributed water electrolysis MCFC molten carbonate fuel cell MEA membrane electrode assembly EEG Renewable Energy Resources Act (Germany) mpg miles per gallon EIA Energy Information Administration mpgge miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent EISA Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 MPR maximum practicable rate of penetration EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency MTG methanol to gasoline EPACT Energy Policy Act of 2005 EV electric vehicle NEMS National Energy Modeling System NOx nitrogen oxides FC fuel cell NRC National Research Council FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FCV fuel cell vehicle OEM original equipment manufacturer GDI gasoline direct injection PEM proton exchange membrane GHG greenhouse gas PFC perfluorocarbon GIS geographic information system PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle GW gigawatt ppm parts per million PTC production tax credit HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition PUC public utility commission HEV hybrid electric vehicle PV photovoltaic 

OCR for page 125
 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES—A FOCUS ON HyDROGEN R&D research and development USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture RD&D research, development, and demonstration RPS renewable portfolio standard VEETC Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit VMT vehicle-miles traveled SAE Society of Automotive Engineers (now SAE VVT variable valve timing International) SMR steam methane reformer WTW well to wheel SO2 sulfur dioxide SOFC solid oxide fuel cell ZEV zero emissions vehicle SUV sport utility vehicle