evolutionary vehicles focused on vehicle design to deliver efficiency improvements.

The potential of biofuels under the committee’s maximum practicable approach achieves a 23 percent reduction in CO2 and gasoline use by 2050, but has only a small impact prior to 2035, compared to the reference case.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adrian, M. 2004. Advanced Electronics and Control Technologies for Fuel-efficient, Low-emission Diesel Powertrains. Doc. No. 2004-21-0083. Washington, D.C.: Greaney-Ricardo, Inc.

Argonne National Laboratory. 2007. The VISION Model. Available at http://www.transportation.anl.gov/software/VISION/index.html.

DOE (Department of Energy). 2005. Life-Cycle Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Hydrogen Fuel Production in the United States from LNG and Coal. DOE/NETL-2006/1227, Table 5. National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pa.

DOE. 2007. H2A Hydrogen Analysis Model. Available at http://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/ h2a_analysis.htm.

EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2008. Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2030. Report DOE/EIA-0383. Washington, D.C.

Greene, D., P. Leiby, and D. Bowman. 2007. Integrated Analysis of Market Transformation Scenarios with HyTrans. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Gronich, S. 2007. 2010-2025 Hydrogen Scenario Analysis. Presentation to the committee, February 20.

Kromer, M.A., and J.B. Heywood. 2007. Electric Powertrains: Opportunities and Challenges in the U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet. MIT Report LFEE 2007-02 RP, May. Cambridge, Mass.

Melendez, M. 2006. Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand & Infrastructure Analysis. Presented at the USDOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop, Washington, D.C., August 9-10.

Nicholas, M.A., and J.M. Ogden. 2007. Detailed Analysis of Urban Station Siting for California Hydrogen Highway Network. Transportation Research Record 1983:121-128.

Nicholas, M.A., S.L. Handy, and D. Sperling. 2004. Using Geographic Information Systems to Evaluate Siting and Networks of Hydrogen Stations. Transportation Research Record 1880:126-134.

NRC (National Research Council). 2008. Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Second Report. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

Paster, M. 2006. Hydrogen Delivery Options and Issues. Presented at the USDOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop, Washington, D.C., August 9-10.

Perlack, R., et al. 2005. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply. DOE-USDA, Washington, D.C.

Ruether, J., M. Ramezan, and E. Grol. 2005. Life-Cycle Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Hydrogen Fuel Production in the United States from LNG and Coal. National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Sawyer, R. 2007. California’s Regulations to Control Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Motor Vehicles. Presentation at the Hearing on Request for Waiver of Preemption under Clean Air Act Section 209(b) by Robert Sawyer, Chair, California Air Resources Board, Washington, D.C.

Singh, M., A. Vyas, and E. Steiner. 2003. VISION Model: Description of Model Used to Estimate the Impact of Highway Vehicle Technologies and Fuels on Energy Use and Carbon Emissions to 2050. Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ill.

TIAX. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment: Well to Tank Energy Input, Emissions and Water Impacts. California Energy Commission Report, CEC-600-2007-002-D, February.

Yang, C., and J. Ogden. 2007a. Determining the Lowest-cost Hydrogen Delivery Mode. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32(2):268-286.

Yang, C., and J. Ogden. 2007b. U.S. Urban Hydrogen Infrastructure Costs Using the Steady State City Hydrogen Infrastructure System Model (SSCHISM). Presentation at the 2007 National Hydrogen Association Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, March 18-22. (A beta copy of the model is posted on Christopher Yang’s website at University of California at Davis Institute of Transportation Studies, http://www.its.ucdavis.edu/people.)



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement