TABLE 7.1 Recent R&D Funding by the U.S. Department of Energy for Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production (millions of constant 2005 dollars)

Program Area

2004

2005

2006

2007

Total

Hydrogen production and delivery

29.9

39.9

31.5

65.9

167.2

Fuel cells and hydrogen storage

52.7

68.2

58.7

89.6

269.2

Technology validation (learning demonstrations)

15.6

26.1

33.3

39.6

114.6

Safety, codes and education

8.2

5.8

5.1

15.8

34.9

System analysis

1.4

3.2

4.8

9.9

19.3

Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative

6.2

8.7

24.1

18.7

57.7

Science

0.0

29.2

32.5

50.0

111.7

Congressionally directed

42.0

40.2

42.5

0.0

124.7

Total

156.0

221.3

232.5

289.5

899.3

TABLE 7.2 Estimated Future Government Funding for RD&D (millions of constant 2005 dollars)

Program Area

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Total

Distributed H2 production

12

15

8

8

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

46

Distributed H2 production demonstrations

0

8

3

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

Centralized H2 production

28

35

45

50

55

55

50

45

35

30

30

20

15

493

Centralized H2 production demonstrations

0

0

0

15

15

15

15

50

35

20

25

20

0

210

Fuel cells and H2 storage

112

115

115

115

115

110

110

110

110

110

110

110

110

1,452

Fuel cell demonstrations

30

40

40

50

40

30

30

20

20

20

15

10

10

355

Safety, codes, and education

21

21

25

25

25

25

15

10

10

5

5

5

5

197

Systems analysis

12

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

5

127

Science

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

780

Exploratory H2 from renewables

34

35

35

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

404

Total, 2008-2020

309

339

341

365

353

335

320

335

310

285

285

265

235

4,077

Additional, 2021-2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

900

Total, 2008-2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,977

NOTE: Non-DOE programs are not included here, and some numbers are estimates that might change significantly with further information.

The learning demo for hydrogen from coal gasification is ancillary to a coal gasification plant under consideration by DOE and industry, with areas of responsibility and cost sharing to be determined. The plant, with carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration, would have a major goal of clean power production and would proceed independently whether or not it optionally produces pure hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles. Therefore, the cost to demonstrate hydrogen from coal gasification in the budget roadmap of this report is only the cost to demonstrate the incremental hydrogen purification required to meet fuel cell vehicle specifications. A very rough estimate of this cost is $75 million. The biomass gasification demo is sized at 39,000 kg H2/d, about one-quarter the size of a projected commercial plant. Capital and operating costs are estimated at $135 million (constant 2005 dollars) based on the H2A model. The biomass and coal gasification demo costs are in the centralized production demo line of Table 7.2.

Major R&D efforts continue on the fuel cell to meet cost and durability targets. Hydrogen onboard storage work is



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