Tables, Figures, and Boxes

TABLES

S.1

 

Summary of Cumulative Budget Roadmap Costs for Transition to Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles,

 

11

2.1

 

Legislation of Production Tax Credits for Wind Energy in the United States,

 

27

2.2

 

Capital Invested in Selected Small Public Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Companies Listed on the NASDAQ,

 

28

2.3

 

Capital Invested in Selected Small Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Companies Listed on the AIM Market in the United Kingdom,

 

28

2.4

 

Capital Raised by Private Sector Entrepreneurial Companies for Hydrogen Technologies,

 

29

3.1

 

Dispensed Hydrogen Costs for Distributed Generation,

 

34

3.2

 

Centralized Plant Gate Hydrogen Production Costs,

 

34

4.1

 

Potential Percentage Reductions in Fuel Consumption for Spark-ignition Vehicles Expected from Advances in Conventional Vehicle Technology by Category, Projected to 2025,

 

48

4.2

 

Comparison of Projected Improvements in Vehicle Fuel Consumption from Advances in Conventional Vehicle Technology,

 

50

4.3

 

Estimated Primary Solid Biomass Components Available in the United States in the Near Term and 2030 for Less Than About $65 per Ton,

 

53

4.4

 

CO2 Emissions from Today’s Conventional Light-Duty Gasoline and Diesel Engines in a Typical Family Sedan and from Fuels from Less Conventional Sources,

 

60

4.5

 

Key Assumptions and Parameters Used in Biomass-to-Biofuels Scenarios,

 

61

6.1

 

Assumed Cost and Performance of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Gasoline Reference Vehicles,

 

74

6.2

 

Hydrogen Supply Pathways Considered in This Analysis,

 

75

6.3

 

Assumptions in Reference Case,

 

76

6.4

 

Assumed Capital Costs for Hydrogen Production Systems,

 

80

6.5

 

Type of Hydrogen Supply over Time,

 

81

6.6

 

Transition Costs and Timing for Hydrogen Cases,

 

82

6.7

 

Assumed Greenhouse Gas Emissions per Unit of Fuel Consumed,

 

83

6.8

 

Assumed Biofuel Use in Case 3,

 

87

6.9

 

Gasoline Displacement for Cases 1-4 Compared to Reference Case,

 

90

6.10

 

Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions for Cases 1-4 Compared to Reference Case,

 

91

6.1.1

 

Range over Which Parameter Values Can Vary for Case 1,

 

84

7.1

 

Recent R&D Funding by the U.S. Department of Energy for Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production,

 

94

7.2

 

Estimated Future Government Funding for RD&D,

 

94

7.3

 

Major Cost Elements in a Budget Roadmap,

 

96



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement