Stone, J.E. (2002). The value-added achievement gains of NBPTS-certified teachers in Tennessee: A brief report. Johnson City, TN: Education Consumers Clearinghouse. Available: [accessed June 2008].

Sykes, G., and Wilson, S. (1988). Professional standards for teaching: The assessment of teacher knowledge and skills. Charleston, WV: Appalachia Educational Laboratory.

Sykes, G., Anagnostopoulos, D., Cannata, M., Chard, L., Frank, K., McCrory, R., and Wolfe, E. (2006). National board-certified teachers as organizational resource. Arlington, VA: National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. Available: [accessed November 27, 2007].

Tamblyn, R., Abrahamowicz, M., Brailovsky, C., Grand’Maison, P., Lescop, J., Norcini, J., Girard, N., and Haggerty, J. (1998). Association between licensing examination scores and resource use and quality of care in primary care practice. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(11), 989-996.

Tamblyn, R., Abrahamowicz, M., Dauphinee, W.D., Hanley, J.A., Norcini, J., Girard, N., Grand’Maison, P., and Brailovsky, C. (2002). Journal of the American Medical Association, 288(23), 3019-3026.

Tom, A.R. (1984). Teaching as a moral craft. New York: Longman.

Tsacoumis, S. (2007). Assessment centers. In D.L. Whetzel and G.R. Wheaton (Eds.), Applied measurement: Industrial psychology in human resources management. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Tucker, M. (1995). A nation prepared: Teachers for the 21st century. Report of the Carnegie Forum on Education and the Economy’s Task Force on Teaching as a Profession. In D.N. Planck (Ed.), Commissions, reports, reforms, & educational policy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Tyack, D., and Cuban, L. (1996). Tinkering toward utopia: A century of public school reform. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Tyler, J.H., Murnane, R.J., and Willett, J.B. (2000, May). Estimating the labor market signaling value of the GED. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115(2), 431-468.

U.S. Department of Education. (2001). Public law print of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Available: [accessed July 2007].

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education. (2006). The Secretary’s fifth annual report on teacher quality: A highly qualified teacher in every classroom. Washington, DC: Author.

Vandervoort, L.G., Amrein-Beardsley, A., and Berliner, D.C. (2004). National board certified teachers and their students’ achievement. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 12(46).

Walsh, K., and Jacobs, S. (2007). Alternative certification isn’t alternative. Thomas B. Fordham Institute, National Council on Teacher Quality. Available: [accessed June 2008].

Wang, J., and Paine, L.W. (2003). Learning to teach with mandated curriculum and public examination of teaching as contexts. Teaching and Teacher Education, 19(1), 75-94.

Wayne, A.J. (2002). Teacher inequality: New evidence on disparities in teachers’ academic skills. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 10(3). Available: [accessed July 2008].

Wayne, A., Chang-Ross, C., Daniels, M., Knowles, K., Mitchell, K., and Price, T. (2004). Exploring differences in minority and majority teachers’ decisions about and preparation for NBPTS certification. Arlington, VA: SRI International.

Wilensky, H.L. (1964). The professionalization of everyone? American Journal of Sociology, 70(2), 137-158.

Wilson, S.M., and Berne, J. (1999). Teacher learning and the acquisition of professional knowledge: An examination of research on contemporary professional development. Review of Research in Education, 24, 173-209.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement